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In the present letter to Field Marshal Count Sheremetev, Peter I shows the extent to which he involved himself in military affairs, giving both tactical and strategic orders. One is for a small unit action and the other for the garrisoning of larger bodies; both were to be tied to international events to provide "disinformation" to the enemy. These instructions demonstrate how Peter the Great was able to think both tactically and strategically at the same time. Peter I orders Sheremetev to move the Cossack troops to the opposite bank of the Dnieper and to destroy their dwellings. He instructs that seized troops are to be garrisoned at the fortress, but in order to mislead the Turks, rumors are to be circulated that it is Menshikov's hired men who are settled there. The Polish senators should be told that the troops are garrisoned at the fortress provisionally until the King of Sweden reaches Turkey. The Field Marshal is also ordered not to stay in Poland too long. As to a request to be sent troops stationed at Riga for the winter, Peter advises that this will be impossible. - At the time this letter was written, Russia was at war with two countries - Sweden, since 1700, over Baltic territories, and Turkey, since 1710. Peter I directed most of the wars himself and also took part in some of the campaigns. Russia was victorious over the Turks in 1713, and over Sweden in 1721. - Numerals in red ink at foot of second page; browning, margin reinforced, some spotting. Letters signed by Peter the Great are extremely rare.