Napoleon I.

Napoleon I.

Kaiser der Franzosen (1769-1821). Schreiben mit eigenh. U. Ollioules (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur). ¾ S. auf Doppelblatt. 4to. Mit eh. Adresse (Faltbrief).
$ 13,358 / 12.500 € (95558/BN63154)

Sehr früher Brief des damals 24-jährigen späteren Kaisers aus dem zweiten Jahr des ersten Koalitionskrieges, während der Belagerung von Toulon (18. September bis 19. Dezember 1793). Nachdem die Bürger Toulons und royalistische Flottenoffiziere die Stadt und den wichtigen Kriegshafen für britische und spanische Kräfte geöffnet hatten, die ca. 18.000 Mann in Toulon stationierten, war die Wiedereroberung für die Regierung in Paris, die somit die entscheidende Basis für die Kontrolle des Mittelmeers verloren hatte, von entscheidender Bedeutung.

Für Napoleon Bonaparte, der vor Toulon als Befehlshaber der Artillerie sein erstes höheres Kommando innehatte und entscheidend zur Eroberung von Toulon beitrug, war dieser Erfolg die Grundlage für seinen kommenden Aufstieg. - Im vorliegenden Schreiben urgiert Napoleon, der am 7. September Ollioules eingenommen und die englischen Attacken auf die Hochebene von Arènes, de Gaux und la Goubren abzuwehren hatte, bei den zuständigen Offizieren von Bosset die zugesagten Lieferungen von Befestigungsmaterial (Faschinen): "Le Citoyen Buonaparte, Commandant d'artellerie aux Citoyens officiens municpaux du Bosset. Vous m'avez écrit hier que vous m'envoyez quatre charettes de fascines afin de servir de montre je ne les ai point recus, vous pouvez montrer celle que vous avez et prendre des renseignemens auprès du citoyen Taisand. Je vous prie de prendre considération cet objet qui s'il étoit négligé arreteroit nos travaux"..

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Napoleon I.

Kaiser der Franzosen (1769-1821). Schreiben mit eigenh. Paraphe ("Napol") und einem eigenh. Wort ("Raab"). Schönbrunn (Wien). 2½ SS. auf Doppelblatt. 4to.
$ 10,152 / 9.500 € (95559/BN63155)

Bedeutender Brief an seinen Stiefsohn Eugène de Beauharnais, Vizekönig von Italien und Befehlshaber der italienisch-französischen Truppen, vier Tage vor der Schlacht von Raab (Györ, Ungarn, 14. Juni 1809), die mit einer Niederlage der österreichischen Truppen unter Erzherzog Johann endete. Nach Bestätigung des Erhalts des Briefs aus Sárvár vom 9. Juni instruiert Napoleon Beauharnais detailliert über die weitere Vorgangsweise vor Raab und bei der späteren Vereinigung mit der Hauptarmee: "Mon fils [...] si c'est de la cavalerie de l'insurrection, de la cavalerie du Prince Jean, ou des régimens de ligne qui ne feraient point partie du corps du Prince Jean [...] Si vous vous approchez de Raab vous prendez cette ville.

Il n'y a pas d'inconvénient que l'ennemi soit entre vous et moi [...] Au point de Rayka à trois lieuses de Pressburg, le Danube détache un bras qui va jusqu'à Raab, et forme uns ile de 8 ou 10 lieues de long sur trois de large. Ce matin l'ennemi avait du poster à l'extremité du village de Rakendorf. J'ai ordonné au duc d'Auerstad de l'attaquer. Lorsque vous marcherez surRaab, le général Montbrun peut maintenir votre communication avec le g[énér]al Lassalle, et par ce moyen, nous ne serons jamais séparés [...] J'ai fait dire au g[énér]al Marmont de se porter sur Clagenfurt pour chasser Chasteler. Comme il est possible que les courriers n'arrivent pas, il est nécessaire de ne pas trop engager Macdonald, afin que lorsqu'on aura des nouvelles positives de l'ennemi, s'il y a des craintes pour Clagenfurt et pour les derrières de l'armée d'Italie, le général Macdonald puisse s'y porter pour rétablir l'ordre [...]". - Geringe Faltspuren; die unbeschriebene Seite 4 stellenweise gering angestaubt, sonst tadellos erhalten..

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Napoléon

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Autograph letter signed „Bonaparte“. no place. 1/2 p. 8vo. Double sheet.
$ 26,715 / 25.000 € (92033)

Rare autograph letter signed by Napoléon: „Je vous envoye, Madame, 10,000 ff. Je vous remercie de vous être adressé à moi. Je serai toujours fort aise de trouver l'occasion de vous être agréable […]“. A later note in ink indicates that the addressee is Marie-Euphémie-Désirée de Tascher de La Pagerie (1739-1803), paternal aunt of the future Empress Joséphine. A close friend of the governor of Martinique, the Marquis François de Beauharnais. She had arranged the marriage of her niece to his youngest son, Alexandre de Beauharnais.

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Napoléon I.

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Document signed „Nap“. Palais de Saint-Cloud. Quer-Folio. 2 pp. Partly printed with an imperial arms vignette and dry seal (small slit at the intersection of the 4 folds).
$ 5,343 / 5.000 € (93460)

Maritime passport granted to a ship of the trading house 'Paul Nairac,' departing from the port of Bordeaux, 'to introduce, at its choice, into one of the ports of France, cotton, fish oils, dye woods, salted fish, and cod; coffees and sugars from French, American, and Asian colonies; cocoas, groceries of all kinds from former Dutch islands; indigos, mahogany, and cabinet woods. Countersigned by the Minister of Manufactures and Commerce: Jean-Baptiste Henry Collin, Count of Sussy; Minister Secretary of State: Duke of Cadore; Minister of the Navy and Colonies: Duke Decrès, and the Director General of Customs François Ferrier.

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Napoléon I.

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Signed document „Bonaparte“. Paris. Folio. 1 p. On parchment.
$ 4,809 / 4.500 € (93563)

Promotional document from the 'Departement de Guerre' for a Captain, dated Paris 'Trente Fructidor, an onze,' i.e., 17.9.1803. Signature 'Bonaparte' and signatures of the Minister of War and the Secretary of State, paper-covered wax seal '... Bonaparte I. Consul,' very well preserved.

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Napoléon

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Signed letter „Nap“. Mainz. 4to. 1 1/3 pp.
$ 4,809 / 4.500 € (93564)

Letter from Mainz, Germany to the Minister of War mentioning that he has bough 2000 horses in Germany to reinforce the artillery train. „Monsieur Dejean, my decrees of September 17 regarding the remounts and of the 24th regarding the supply of garrisons have not yet reached here, and here we are on the 30th. I asked you to send me an account of the procurement of horses every 8 days, both for the crews and for those of the train in Italy and Douai. I have authorized General Songer to purchase 2000 horses in Germany to reinforce the artillery train.

I don't know if I mentioned to you that I don't want horses that are less than 5 years old, which is a hindrance in campaigns starting in November. The hunters, hussars, and even the dragoons cannot find horses of the required size; they must buy smaller ones. They will thus show themselves easily, very easily, in France, while otherwise, it would be impossible. They will have 5-year-old horses in good condition, and they will even save money, allowing them to buy more. Write a circular to all the units and be very active in all this. Maintain correspondence with the depots, and every 8 days let me know the number of horses that have arrived. If the depots have more men than the money I have granted, they should produce 2 horses; authorize them to buy new ones to be fully prepared for war. I am sending you a decree to form the 5th squadron of carabiniers and cuirassiers in accordance with the decrees of August 31. It is therefore necessary to urgently procure horses so that the 4th squadron, which is at the depot, can join the army at the beginning of November. The fifth squadrons should be formed with men selected from officers who are on leave; there are still very good ones among them. Just be careful to appoint officers who are returning from the main army. This does not unfairly weaken it. On this, I pray to God to keep me in Mayence on September 30, 1806.“ In Napoleon's campaigns of 1805 (against Austria and Russia), 1806 (against Prussia), and 1809 (again against Austria), Mainz was the most important French assembly point..

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Napoléon

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Document signed „Bonaparte“. St. Cloud. Folio. 1 p. On parchment.
$ 3,740 / 3.500 € (93565)

Promotion certificate 'Departement de Guerre' for a lieutenant, dated St. Cloud '27 Floreal...' with the signature 'Bonaparte' and signatures of the Minister of War and the Secretary of State, minor tear, slight traces, very clear paper-covered wax seal '... Bonaparte I. Consul.'

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Napoléon

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Letter signed „Nap“. Compiègne. 4to. 3/4 p.
$ 4,809 / 4.500 € (93566)

To „Monsieur le comte de Cessac“ whom he orders to send the 4th bataillon in Strasbourg to Wesel Germany (in preparation of the Russian campaign). „Monsieur le comte de Cessac, Je donne ordre que le cadre su 4ème bataillon du 46eme se rende à Strasbourg et que le cadre du 4ème bataillon du 19ème délègue se rende à Wesel. Ces cadres prendront chacun 900 conscrits. Donnez ordre que le conflit d’administration de ces régiments fournissent aux bataillons l’habillement, le petit et le grand équipement, ils peuvent retirer de leur magasin en tout ou en partie ; nous leurs fournirons les draps.

C’est le moyen de pourvoir aujourd’hui à l’habillement du conscrit réfractaire. Sur ce je pris Dieu qu’il vous ait eu sa sainte garde.“ Translation: "Count de Cessac, I hereby order that the staff of the 4th battalion of the 46th proceed to Strasbourg and that the staff of the 4th battalion of the 19th delegate proceed to Wesel. These staffs will each take 900 conscripts. Instruct the administrative conflicts of these regiments to provide the battalions with clothing, small and large equipment; they can withdraw from their stores in whole or in part; we will provide them with sheets. This is the means of providing for the clothing of the refractory conscript today. With this, I pray to God that He has kept you in His holy care.".

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Napoléon

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Letter signed „Nap“. Paris. 4to. 1/2 p.
$ 4,809 / 4.500 € (93567)

Napoleon poses questions to Comte de Sussy regarding the provisioning of the troops, written six weeks before the start of the Russian campaign, likely a message already composed in anticipation. „Monsieur le comte de Sussy, le procès-verbal de la séance du conseil des subsistances du 24 mars m’a fait par connaître la situation des choses. Demandez au Commandant Masse d’y faire incérer le renseignement accoutumé, c’at à dire, la situation des achats, les quantités de farine, les quantités de blé et les lieux où tout cela se trouve, afin que je puisse me faire une idée de notre situation actuelle.

Sur ce je prie Dieu qu’il vous ait eu sa sainte garde.“ Translation: "Monsieur le comte de Sussy, the minutes of the meeting of the subsistence council on March 24 have informed me of the situation. Please ask Commander Masse to include the usual information, that is, the status of purchases, quantities of flour, quantities of wheat, and the locations where all this is stored, so that I can form an idea of our current situation. With this, I pray that God has kept you in His holy care.".

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Napoleon I.

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Letter signed „Np“. Paris. 4to. 1/2 p. Double sheet. Age toning.
$ 3,740 / 3.500 € (94207)

The letter concerns a reorganization of the troops of the Elbe, and Napoleon I entrusts the Duke of Feltre with the assembly of each regiment as well as the guard of the troops. "Monsieur le Duc de Feltre, I am returning to you your work from January 29th, as the basis of the organization of these corps has been changed. Please provide me with the status reports of the Elbe Observation Corps, Italy, 1st and 22nd of the Rhine, indicating their movements so that I may know the precise time of the assembly of each regiment? With this, I pray to God to keep you in His holy guard.“

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Napoleon I.

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Document signed „Np“. Vitebsk. Folio. 1 p.
$ 8,015 / 7.500 € (94208)

Rare document „Rapport“ from Russia, a request for a pension signed and granted by the Emperor. His Majesty granted a pension of three hundred francs to soldier Henri Endrich, a Soldier in the 103rd regiment, on May 10th last year, who has served for 53 years. For the execution of this Decree, I requested information from the Administration Council of the 103rd regiment? They responded that Soldier Endrich, aged 80, has expressed his intention to receive this pension within the unit, under the colors of which he wishes to die. Although he enjoys good health, his advanced age should no longer allow him to perform active duty. Accordingly, I have the honor to request that His Majesty inform me whether it is his wish that this soldier receives his active duty pay at the same time as his pension or if he should be discharged from his unit.

He will be granted this reward in the residence of his choice. The Minister of War Duke of Feltre Response: Soldier Endrich will be able to enjoy his active duty pay. Vitebsk, August 6, 1812..

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Napoleon

Kaiser der Franzosen (1769-1821). Printed naval patent signed ("Np"). Le palais des Tuileries [Paris]. 25.03.1813. 490:350 mm. Blankoformular.
$ 4,809 / 4.500 € (33106/BN27891)

Naval patent for an unidentified American ship, counter-signed by trade secretary Jean-Baptiste Henry Collin (1776-1837), state secretary Pierre Antoine Noël Bruno comte Daru (1767-1829), naval secretary Denis Decrès (1761-1820), and the director general of customs. Fine document from the age of the Napoleonic Wars, when the English army had occupied the Iberian Peninsula, fighting against Napoléon's troops, and field marshal Wellington was about to commence his final (and ultimately successful) attack.

The present letter patent was issued by the French consul in Charlestown, New York, Boston or Baltimore and permitted American ships to move more or less freely toward France. The British warships were blocking the U.S. ports and obstructing American trade with France - one of the causes for the War of 1812, not resolved until December 1814. - Large reinforced tears to folds; slight edge damage, otherwise in good condition. Left edge trimmed, touching the printed text of the counter-leaf..

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Napoleon I.

Kaiser der Franzosen (1808-1873). Document signed ("Np"). Kaiserliches Hauptquartier Dresden. 18.06.1813. 4 SS. auf Doppelblatt. Folio.
$ 4,809 / 4.500 € (77551/BN49996)

An imperial decree constituting the "Corps d'Observation d'Italie", with a total of seven divisions of French, Italian and Neapolitan troops, stating the composition of their infantry, cavalry, and artillery regiments in detail: "[...] Art. 1er. Le Corps d'Observation de Vérone prendra le titre de Corps d'Observation d'Italie. Art. 2. Ce corps sera composé de 4 divisions françaises, 2 divisions italiennes et une division français-napolitaine, total 7 divisions. Art. 3. Les sept divisions seront formées ainsi qu'il suit [...]". - Written during the Truce of Pläswitz at the time of the Napoleonic Wars.

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Napoleon I.

Kaiser der Franzosen (1769-1821). Brief mit eigenh. U. Schönbrunn (Wien). 10.06.1809. ½ S. Kl.-4to.
$ 5,877 / 5.500 € (84250/BN54750)

An General Bertrand, der nach der Niederlage bei Aspern den Übergang über die Donau vorbereitete: "Je desire que vous me remettiez le plan de la tête de pont d'Ebersdorf du coté de la rive droite, afin que je l'ârrete définitivement et que l'on commence les travaux [...]". Bertrand sollte mit dem Gelingen des Plans den Sieg bei Wagram (4.-6. Juli) ermöglichen. - Mit Goldschnitt; an einer Stelle etwas fleckig und mit kleinen Heftspuren am linken Rand.

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Napoleon I.

Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Autograph manuscript unsigned. Folio. 3 1/2 pp. Double sheet. Tear to vertical fold.
$ 42,744 / 40.000 € (93663)

"4 factions divided the Republic"—Napoleon reflects on the French politics of the 1790s in an important, unpublished chapter of his memoirs Unsigned handwritten manuscript by Napoleon Bonaparte, four pages on two adjoining sheets, 8 x 12.75, no date. Important, unpublished handwritten manuscript by Napoleon Bonaparte for his proposed memoirs, ostensibly penned while living in exile at Longwood House on Saint Helena. Napoleon famously dictated his memoirs to his aides, Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon, and Emmanuel, comte de Las Cases, who had accompanied him to Saint Helena.

Las Cases published the admiring work under the title Le Mémorial de Sainte-Hélène (The Memorial of Saint Helena) in 1823. Here, Napoleon writes out lengthy commentary on the French Directory and his nation's political situation in the 1790s. In part (translated): "III. Tipping system: 4 factions divided the Republic; the 1st had confidence in the adapted constitution of 1795. The 2nd desired a president at the head of the state. The 3rd was that of the 1793 constitution, called the terrorists. The 4th, supporters of the Bourbons and counter-revolution. This last one consisted of only a few families and priests; terror had weighed on them, and they had been destroyed. Its own followers who still lived had emigrated and perished in poverty and contempt abroad. The first three factions encompassed the entire population of France. Many individuals who approved the adopted constitution had a decided aversion to the Convention delegates and would have preferred that patriots who had not participated in the government of the Convention be called to the Directory, or at least that voters not be called. The five directors had all voted for the death of the king. It was expected that they would employ all the Convention delegates, their colleagues who were no longer part of the council, and especially that they would show confidence in the voters. In the end, the directors allowed themselves to be dominated by the spirit of persecution that each had adopted during the long and tumultuous reign of the Convention, to the great astonishment of observers. One can say that the title of Convention delegate and especially that of voter became a title of exclusion from employment and soon a title of proscription. As these individuals expressed indignation at this conduct, they were, by a high police measure, expelled from Paris and obliged to return to their homes. The supporters of a president's government were easy to rally to the new system. Many of them were educated men who had figured in the Constituent Assembly, in public affairs. The director to be sidelined allied with them forever; they became, for them, the constitution that was founded on self-love but from the directors. The terrorists or supporters of the 1793 constitution were initially few in number or at least inactive; they were inclined to sincerely rally to the government composed of 5 fervent Convention delegates who had belonged to various Jacobin groups...these 5 directors were also from the party desired on the 13th Vendemiaire, and the terrorists gloried in having contributed to the success of that day. But the grandeur that surrounded the 5 directors, the title of representative, the etiquette, initially frightened them...War was soon declared; this faction went to war and soon conspired for the salvation of the fatherland and for the deliverance from the tyranny of the 5 lords of the Luxembourg...Carnot alone was one of them and enjoyed their trust. The Bourbonians hated the directors as republicans, as Convention delegates, as voters, and as the men of the 13th Vendemiaire. It was to please, to capture, and to rally this faction that the Directory worked...it was Carnot who soon became the object of the hatred and fear of all the terrorists, especially since they had hoped more from him. The armies sincerely rallied to the government, which, while retaining the principles for which they had fought, promised them more stability in their employment and more consideration. Thus, the Directory, through the strangest of illusions, worsened its position every day." On the last page is an autograph note in pencil by Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon, a general during the Napoleonic Wars who chose to go into exile with Bonaparte on Saint Helena (translated): "Writing of Emperor Napoleon at St. Helena." In fine condition, with some light staining and soiling. Aware of the major role he had played in the history of his time, Napoleon Bonaparte devoted long hours at Saint Helena to dictate—and more rarely write—an account of his campaigns and military and political analyses of his era. Napoleon had little else to do than to reflect on his triumphs, and this piece documents some of Napoleon's own thoughts on the political situation in France during the 1790s. It is a critical manuscript that offers insight into Napoleon's understanding of his life, politics, and career..

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Napoleon I.

Brief m. e. U. "Napoleon" (aus München)
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Napoleon I. (1769–1821), Kaiser der Franzosen. Brief mit e. U. („Napoleon“). München, 4. Januar 1806. ½ S. auf Doppelblatt. Folio. – An Kardinal Filippo Casoni (1733–1811), dem er für Glückwünsche zum Jahreswechsel dankt: „Mon Cousin, Les témoignages que votre lettre du 25 novembre contient de vos sentiments et des voeux qu’ils vous inspirent, pour moi à l’occasion du renouvellement de l’année me sont on ne peut pas plus agréables. Je goute un vrai plaisir à vous assurer de l’interêt que Je prendrai dans tous les tems à votre satisfaction [...]“. – Bayern war am 26. Dezember 1805 durch den Frieden von Preßburg Königreich geworden. – Mit dreiseitigem Goldschnitt. – Sehr schönes Blatt mit ungekürzter Unterschrift.


Napoleon I.

Eigenh. Randvermerk mit Paraphe („Np“).
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

Responding to a report by Marshal Bertrand concerning repairs on the roof of the ice factory in Maricana: „Approuvé à porter sur les dépenses imprévues“. – A few days later, on 26 February, Napoleon left Elba and marched to Paris, what marks the beginning of Napoleon's Hundred Days. – With small tear in lower left margin and two pinhead-sized holes on the second blank leaf. – Accompanied by 4 documents concerning the ice factory.


Napoléon I.

Schriftstück mit eigenh. U. ("Napoleon").
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

"Brevet de Sous Lieutenant pour le C[it]oy[en] Simon (Georges Hery)". Countersigned by Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Minister of War and Marshal of France, and by a state secretary. With engr. vignette "Au nom du Peuple Français" and embossed seal of the republic. Severely spotty and dusty.


Napoleon I.

Haar.
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"Hair | of Napoleon Bonaparte I. | The Great | Emperor of France | Cut off on his deathbed" - "Napoleon's Hair given Lord Queensberry by Dr Arnot [sic] who attended him on his death Bed at St. Helena".


Napoléon I.

Pensionsurkunde mit eigenh. U. ("Bonaparte").
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

Assignment to pay a pension of 200 French Francs to Marie Anne Soiron, "Veuve de Jean Louis Lianna". - Counter-signed by Lazare, Minister of War, Comte Carnot, and Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano, Napoléon's first secretary. With lithographed letterhead; somewhat dusty; larger tears to folds reinforced, slight defects to edges.


Napoléon I.

Brief mit eigenh. Unterschrift „NP“ an den Kriegsminister de Feltre
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

Detailed letter to Minister of War general Henri-Jacques-Guillaume Clarke, reiterating his orders regarding the purchase of arms for the two divisions located in Cologne and Bonn. In part (translated): "It is probable that after I have seen the two divisions, I will send one to Erfurt, and I will keep the other in the Grand Duchy of Berg.—I have informed you of what each regiment of carabiniers and cuirassiers should have, that is, an ambulance wagon and a field forge. The divisions must have affairs of engineering, artillery, adjutants, and administrators in the proportion observed in previous campaigns…this must be done gradually throughout the year.—As for the artillery, it must be the subject of a separate report. I cannot recall what was done in my past campaigns; however, the simplest is to follow what has happened before. The batteries attached to the Cavalry fire a lot; therefore, they must be well supplied. In my past campaigns, I attached a reserve park to the divisions; one can always unite them with the general park of the divisions. There must be what is necessary to wage war, that is, a simple supply moving with the pieces, and a half-supply, according to what was practiced for the army in Poland, that is always at the park of each division. All this must exist in full in the places where I will winter these divisions so that if I am in a position to form a cavalry reserve, the assembly of the reserve artillery of the four divisions forms the reserve park. In this case, a general of artillery will be necessary to command this park, as has been practiced. If, on the contrary, I deem it appropriate to send these divisions into the army corps, they will take their artillery park with them, which will join the reserve park of the army corps.—It seems to me that I ordered each regiment of cuirassiers to have a certain number of carbines. The regiments I have reviewed do not have any. Make me a report on this. It is senseless that among 3000 men, not one has a firearm. It seems to me that in the past, cuirassiers were armed with carbines. Let me know the orders I have given and what has been practiced in the last six years, and why the cuirassiers no longer have carbines today." In fine condition. Superior military content from Napoleon as he seeks to bolster his troops throughout Europe. Accompanied by an export certificate from the French Ministry of Culture. Henri-Jacques-Guillaume Clarke, 1st Count of Hunebourg, 1st Duke of Feltre (1765–1818) was a French general and politician who made a career in the Revolutionary Army and under Napoleon. In 1793 he was promoted brigade general and commanded the vanguard of the Rhine Army. During the Reign of Terror, he fell under suspicion, was briefly arrested, and discharged. Lazare Carnot restored Clarke to his rank in 1794 and, in December 1795, he was made a general of division, serving under Napoleon in the Army of Italy for several years. During the War of the Third Coalition in 1805, Clarke was appointed governor of Vienna, and during the War of the Fourth Coalition in 1806 he served as governor of Erfurt and of Berlin. Napoleon called Clarke back to Paris in 1807 to serve as Minister of War, a difficult office that he administered with skill, but with a level of personal ambition that raised Napoleon's suspicion from 1812. His opportunism became most evident at Napoleon's fall in 1814, when Clarke voted to depose the emperor and was appointed Peer of France by Louis XVIII in return. Apart from the interruption of the Hundred Days from March to September 1815, Clarke served as Minister of War in the restored Bourbon Government until September 1817. Clarke was made Marshal of France on 3 July 1816 and, following the end of his term as minister, took command of the 15th Military Division until his death in 1818.


Napoléon I.

Schriftstück mit eigenh. Paraphe „N“.
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar


Napoleon I.

2 Randvermerke m. e. U.
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

Napoleon I. (1769-1821), Kaiser von Frankreich. 2 Randvermerke (der zweite eigenh.) m. U. „Np“ auf einem an ihn gerichteten Schriftstück des Generals Drouot, Porto Ferraio, 12. Juli 1814, mit einer Nachschrift des Marschalls Bertrand vom 17. Juli 1814, 1 Seite Folio. Etwas beschnitten. Auf dem Bericht des Generals Drouot wegen des hohen Preises, den der Kaufmann Foresi für eine „ration de fourages“ fordere, die Anweisung des Kaisers: „Renvoyé au Grand Maréchal“. Darunter der Bericht des Grand Maréchal Bertrand, der eine Preisminderung vorschlägt. – Am Rand der Genehmigungsvermerk des Kaisers: „app[rouvé] Np“.