Karl Marx

philosopher and economist, 1818-1883

Karl Marx was a philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Born in Germany, he later became stateless and spent much of his life in London. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894). Marx's ideas have had a profound impact on world politics and intellectual thought.

Source: Wikipedia

Marx, Karl

Komponist und Musikpädagoge (1897–1985). Eigenh. Brief mit U. Stuttgart. Mit eh. adr. Kuvert.
$ 94 / 80 € (12603)

Karl Marx (1897–1985), Komponist und Musikpädagoge. E. Brief mit U. Stuttgart, 4. Jänner 1970. Mit e. adr. Kuvert. – An Heinz Birker mit der Mitteilung des Verlags seiner „Rilke-Gesänge“. – Karl Marx studierte zunächst Naturwissenschaften, später dann Komposition bei u. a. Carl Orff und Siegmund von Hausegger und wurde 1929 Lehrer für Tonsatz an der Akademie der Tonkunst, München. Später lehrte er am Johann-Joseph-Fux-Konservatorium in Graz und war von 1946 bis zu seiner Emeritierung Professor für Komposition an der Musikhochschule Stuttgart.

Er gilt als „einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der Jugendmusik mit zahlreichen, in ihrer schlichten Klarheit dem Volkslied nahen Vertonungen nach Texten von Rainer Maria Rilke [...] Friedrich Hölderlin, Hans Carossa und Wilhelm Busch“ (DBE). Daneben komponierte er Orchesterwerke, Instrumentalkonzerte, Kammermusik, Klaviermusik, Orgelwerke, Kantaten und zahlreiche Chorwerke. – Auf Briefpapier mit gedr. Briefkopf..

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Marx, Karl

Komponist (1897-1985). Programm mit eigenh. U. O. O. 10 SS. Gr.-8vo.
$ 71 / 60 € (2992)

Karl Marx (1897-1985), Komponist. Programm m. e. U. auf der Titelseite, o. O., Frühjahr 1957, 10 Seiten gr.-8°. Sein „Werkverzeichnis“ m. e. Namenszug unter seinem Porträt. Mit namentlicher Widmung.

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Marx, Karl

Komponist und Musikpädagoge (1897–1985). Eigenh. Musikzitat mit U. O. O. u. D. 1 S. Qu.-8vo.
$ 177 / 150 € (72551)

1 Notenzeile „Jeden Morgen geht die Sonne auf“. - Karl Marx studierte zunächst Naturwissenschaften, später dann Komposition bei u. a. Carl Orff und Siegmund von Hausegger und wurde 1929 Lehrer für Tonsatz an der Akademie der Tonkunst, München. Später lehrte er am Johann-Joseph-Fux-Konservatorium in Graz und war von 1946 bis zu seiner Emeritierung Professor für Komposition an der Musikhochschule Stuttgart. Er gilt als „einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der Jugendmusik mit zahlreichen, in ihrer schlichten Klarheit dem Volkslied nahen Vertonungen nach Texten von Rainer Maria Rilke [...] Friedrich Hölderlin, Hans Carossa und Wilhelm Busch“ (DBE).

Daneben komponierte er Orchesterwerke, Instrumentalkonzerte, Kammermusik, Klaviermusik, Orgelwerke, Kantaten und zahlreiche Chorwerke..

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Marx, Karl

Philosoph und Nationalökonom; mit Friedrich Engels Begründer des Marxismus, Autor des Kommunistischen Manifests (1818-1883). Eigenhändiger Brief mit Unterschrift. London, Maitland Park. 1 3⁄4 pp. Kl.-8vo (11,4 mm : 87 mm). Winzige Schrift. Vertikale Faltspuren, minimal fleckig.
$ 412,300 / 350.000 € (78912)

Weitgehend ungedruckter Brief an (Just Vernouillet), Leiter des Verlags Lachâtre in Paris, wo die französische Ausgabe des „Kapital“ seit 1872 in Lieferungen erschien. Marx beklagt den schleppenden Fortgang des Drucks und mahnt die regelmäßige Zusendung von Korrekturfahnen an. „Cher citoyen, M[onsieur] Lachâtre m’a donné votre adresse particulière, et comme la lettre que j’ai recue de lui me paraît renfermer des malentendus, je vous dirai en peu de mots de quoi il s’agit […]“ - Er habe das Manuskript des letzten Teils im Umfang von 239 Seiten an den Drucker Lahure gesandt, dieser habe bislang aber lediglich vier Seiten produziert.

Eingesandte Korrekturfahnen habe er nicht zurückerhalten, wie er es in seinen langjährigen Beziehungen zu deutschen, amerikanischen, englischen, belgischen und französischen Druckereien gewohnt sei – „il n’a pas repondu un seul mot“. - Lachâtre habe Anweisung gegeben, nichts weiter zu veröffentlichen, bevor nicht das vollständige Werk im Druck vorliegt; damit sei er einverstanden. Der Druck und die Zusendung von Korrekturfahnen müsse nun aber dringend fortgesetzt werden. Ferner mit einem Kommentar zur gegenwärtigen politischen Lage in Frankreich: „[…] M.M. les bonapartistes, à ce qu’il paraît, ont ni par faire peur aux orléanistes qui vous bâcleront maintenant à la hâte une république à leur facon. Mais une fois constituée je crois que celle-ci dejouera aussi l’intrigue orléaniste, mettra n au régime rural et fera son bonhomme de chemin […]“ - Im Nachwort zur französischen Ausgabe schrieb Marx: „Welches auch die literarischen Mängel dieser […] Ausgabe sein mögen, sie besitzt einen wissenschaftlichen Wert unabhängig vom Original und sollte selbst von Lesern herangezogen werden, die der deutschen Sprache mächtig sind.“ Der Verleger Maurice Lachâtre lebte wegen seiner Beteiligung an der Pariser Kommune im Exil. In MEW Band 34 S. 121 wird lediglich der letzte Absatz in deutscher Übersetzung zitiert (nach einem Brief von Emil Hirsch an Pappenheim vom 9.IX.1899). Der entsprechende Band der Marx-Engels- Gesamtausgabe ist noch nicht erschienen. Zuletzt versteigert durch Sotheby’s, London 5.12.1991, mit kurzem Zitat und Abbildung der zweiten Seite..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed ("Ch. Marx"). Paris. 8vo. 1 p. on bifolium. Measures 202:131 mm.
$ 412,300 / 350.000 € (74566/BN48703)

In this, one of Marx's few known letters dating from his stay in Paris between June and August 1849, he bids his farewells to the French journalist and politician Ferdinand Flocon (1800-66) on the day of his departure for London: "Mon cher Flocon, J'ai du quitter la France, par ordre de la république honnête, sans pouvoir vous faire mes adieux. M. Wolff, qui vous présentera cette lettre, répresente en mon absence notre journal et notre parti. Je vais résider à Londres. Si vous avez quelque chose à m'écrire, veuillez la remettre à M.

Julian Harvey, rédacteur du Northern Star. Salut et fraternité [...]." Flocon was the editor of the democratic newspaper "La Réforme"; Engels hat met him in October 1847 and contributed several articles. While Marx and Engels had little regard for Flocon's petty-bourgeois politics and at first viewed him chiefly as a tool for their propagandistic purposes, they soon recognized Flocon as a man of character, Engels writing on 28 March 1848: "I've been to visit old Flocon a few times, the fellow still lives in his wretched fifth-floor flat, smokes the most common tobacco in an old clay pipe and has only bought himself a new dressing gown. Otherwise quite as republican in his habits as he was as editor of the 'Réforme', and just as genial, cordial, and outspoken as ever. He's one of the most upright fellows I know." A Montagnard and member of the provisional government of the Republic in 1848 (he would be expelled from France after the 1851 coup d'état), it was Flocon who invited Marx to France with an enthusiastic letter at the very moment when he was evicted from Brussels: "Brave et loyal Marx! Le sol de la République Française est un champs d'azyle pour tous les amis de la liberté. La tyrannie vous a banni: la France libre vous rouvre ses portes à vous [...]" (Paris, 1 March 1848). When the revolutionary fervor seized Europe, Marx again set off for Germany in April, but in May 1849 the Prussian authorities turned him out. He returned to Paris in June, only to receive a notice of banishment to Brittany on 19 July. Marx fought the order, but lost his appeal on 23 August. On the same day, he wrote to Engels: "I have been banished to the Departement of Morbihan, the Pontine Marshes of Brittany. You will understand that I will have no part in this disguised attempt at murder. Hence, I am leaving France. I cannot have a passport to Switzerland, so I must to London, tomorrow [...]". A day later, he wrote the present farewell to his "cher Flocon", never again to settle on the continent. - On wove paper with floral design embossed to upper left corner, there marked "8" in faint blue crayron, likely by the recipient. Some browning and light wrinkling; traces of original folds. Some duststains and traces of mounting on blank leaf, but well preserved..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed ("Karl Marx"). 41 Maitland Park Road, London. 8vo. ½ page on laid paper, torn from a notebook, watermark "Joyn[son] Super[fine]". Measures 181:114 mm.
$ 217,930 / 185.000 € (76240/BN48768)

Unpublished letter to the Chartist and radical freethinker Collet Dobson Collet (1812-98), in English: "My dear Sir, On my return from the seaside I found your letter d.d. 23 September. You will much oblige me by being so kind as to forward me some of the copies of the 'Revelations', as I have none left. Yours very truly [...]". - In very good condition, with intersecting folds, moderate wrinkling and a few creases; the sheet is bright, the writing dark, precise, and easily legible in spite of Marx's distinctively minute hand.

- Marx was a close friend of the Collet family, which included the pioneering feminist activist Sophia Dobson Collet, social reformer Clara Collet, and the recipient of this letter, the editor of "The Free Press: A Diplomatic Review", to which Marx contributed a number of articles. The men became good friends and soon held weekly meetings at each other's houses to recite Shakespeare. The assembled group, which was formally coined as the Dogberry Club, included Marx's daughter Eleanor and Collet's daughter Clara, as well as Edward Rose, Dollie Radford, Sir Henry Juta, and Friedrich Engels. The publication to which Marx alludes, "Revelations of the Diplomatic History of the 18th Century", was originally serialized in the "Free Press" from August 1856 to April 1857..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. London. 8vo. 1 p. on single leaf.
$ 329,840 / 280.000 € (76578/BN49538)

To the publisher Maurice Lachâtre concerning the dedication "To citizen Karl Marx" heading the first French edition of "Das Kapital" published between 1872 and 1875: "Dans le dernier paragraphe rectifié il y a ces mots 'ne se laisseront pas arrêter dans leur lecture par l’exposition de vos méthodes analytiques'. Il y a ici un malentendu. Je n’expose pas ma méthode mais je l’applique dès le commencement, mais son application, dans les premiers chapitres, à l’analyse de la 'marchandise', 'la valeur', 'l’argent' est par la nature de la chose elle-même un peu difficile à suivre.

Mais c’est facile de changer 'ne se laisseront pas arrêter dans leur lecture par l’application de votre méthode analytique aux premières notions de l’économie politique qui par leur nature même sont très abstraites' - ou quelque chose comme ça - nous aurions avec cela fini avec les préliminaires. Ma photographie sera faite demain [...]" ("The last revised paragraph reads 'they will not let themselves be stopped from reading by the explication of your analytical methods'. This is a misunderstanding. I do not explain my method but I apply it from the beginning, but its application in the first chapters, analysing the 'commodity', 'value', 'money' is in the nature of things themselves somewhat difficult to follow. But it is easy to change to 'they will not let themselves be stopped from reading by the application of your analytical methods in the first notions of the political economy, which are by their nature very abstract' - or something similar - then we will be finished with the preliminaries. My photograph will be taken tomorrow [...]"). For the final version of the paragraph in question, Lachâtre rephrased Marx's suggestion more elegantly. - With a facsimile of Marx' letter "To citizen Maurice La Châtre", dated London, 18 March 1872, that was included among the preliminaries to the French edition of "Das Kapital" immediately before the editor's letter to Marx. - Slightly creased and buckled in the lower left corner..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. London. 8vo. 1¼ pp. on bifolium.
$ 376,960 / 320.000 € (76579/BN49539)

To the publisher Maurice Lachâtre concerning the French translator of "Das Kapital" Joseph Roy, the publication of the second German edition of "Das Kapital", and the Russian translation of the first edition, a possible reissue of Marx's early text "The Poverty of Philosophy", and the poor health of his grandson Étienne Lafargue: "Vous vous trompez! Monsieur Roy est français. Il a été (mais quand il était déjà un homme fait) pendant quelques années en Allemagne. Il traduit trop litéralement dans les passages faciles, mais il montre sa force dans les choses difficiles.

Néanmoins, vos corrections me serviront toujours comme des matériaux utiles pour la correction définitive. - La première livraison de la dernière édition allemande (le libraire allemand vous a imité en acceptant pour la dernière édition la forme de livraison) paraîtra probablement pendant la semaine suivante. J'ai reçu de St. Petersburgh la traduction russe (d'après la première édition). Elle est excellente. Le livre a dû passer par la censure, mais la censure n’a rien rayé excepté mon portrait. Néanmoins, comme il y a dans le livre des attaques contre la Russie, l’éditeur russe n’est pas encore en dehors de tout danger. Pour la dernière correction j'ai ici l’assistance de Longuet, Vaillant, Lissagaray et autres communards compétents. Vos nouvelles politiques m’intéressent beaucoup et vous m'obligerez beaucoup en les continuant. À propos. Un libraire français (de Paris) - tout en me demandant de ne pas le nommer - m’a offert de republier mon livre (français) contre Proudhon: Misère de la Philosophie. Réponse à la Philosophie de la Misère de M. Proudhon. Bruxelles et Paris 1847. L’édition est complètement épuisée. J’ai des mauvaises nouvelles de Madrid sur l’état de santé du petit Lafargue […]" ("You are mistaken! Mr Roy is French. He spent (but when he was already a grown man) some years in Germany. He translates simple passages too literally but shows his strengths when it comes to more difficult things. Nevertheless, your corrections will always serve me as useful material for the final correction. The first instalment of the latest German edition (the German publisher is imitating you by accepting the mode of instalments for the latest edition) will probably appear during the next week. I have received from St. Petersburg the Russian translation (off the first edition). It is excellent. The books had to pass censorship but the censors haven't effaced anything except my portrait. Nevertheless, since there are attacks on Russia in the book, the Russian editor is not yet fully out of danger. For the last correction I have here the assistance of Longuet, Vaillant, Lissagaray and other competent members of the Commune. By the way. A French publisher (from Paris) - who asked me not to mention his name - offered me to reissue my book (French) against Proudhon: The Poverty of Philosophy. A reply to 'The Philosophy of Poverty' of M. Proudhon. Brussels and Paris 1847. This edition is completely sold out. I have bad news from Madrid concerning the health condition of the little Lafargue [...]"). - Nine hundred copies of the Russian translation of "Das Kapital" were published in 1872 and, to Marx's surprise, quickly sold out. A French re-edition of "The Poverty of Philosophy" did not come forward during Marx's lifetime. Like his two siblings, Étienne Lafargue, the son of Paul Lafargue and Karl Marx's second daughter Laura, did not reach adulthood but died at the age of four in Madrid in May 1872. - Slightly creased..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. London. 8vo. 1¼ pp. on bifolium.
$ 376,960 / 320.000 € (76580/BN49540)

To the publisher Maurice Lachâtre concerning a manuscript for the French edition of "Das Kapital" that got lost on the way to the printer Louis Justin Lahure: "Vous savez que j'avais envoyé du manuscrit à M. Lahure le 8 Octobre. Le 19 Oct. je reçus une lettre de M. Lahure m'annoncant que le manuscrit n’était point arrivé à son adresse. Alors a commencé une correspondance entre moi et l’administration supérieure de la poste anglaise. Dans sa lettre d’avant-hier le secrétaire général de la poste me communique - 1) que le manuscrit a été dûment expédié en France et qu’on fait maintenant des recherches à Paris ; - 2) que la recommandation de papiers, journaux etc.

lesquels ne sont pas inclus dans une lettre mais, comme c’était le cas avec le manuscrit, dans une enveloppe ouverte, ne compte pas en France, mais seulement pour l’Angleterre. - Je ferai remarquer en passant qu’à l’exception du dernier envoi, j’avais toujours envoyé le manuscrit à vous et à M. Roy (et il a reçu le manuscrit de presque tout le volume) sous forme de lettre recommandée (j’ai payé plus de deux livres st. pour cela pour Bordeaux seul), mais trouvant que votre librairie, sans tenir compte de cela, n’a pas même affranchi les 100 exemplaires du premier fascicule, je commençais aussi de lésiner et d’envoyer le manuscrit sous une forme qui coûtait moins cher. Le résultat a prouvé que dans les circonstances actuelles de votre pays il est absolument nécessaire d’envoyer le manuscrit par lettre recommandée. Maintenant je vous envoie la première partie du manuscrit perdu que j’ai retraduit. Même dans le cas que la poste française vous remettait le manuscrit original, il faudra faire imprimer le nouveau manuscrit qui vaut mieux que le premier. N’oubliez pas de me renvoyer le manuscrit avec les épreuves. Au commencement de la semaine prochaine je vous enverrai du manuscrit pour plus d’une livraison […]" ("You know that I sent the manuscript to M. Lahure on October 8. On October 19, I received a letter from M. Lahure announcing that the manuscript had not arrived at his address. Thus began a correspondence between the higher administration of the English mail and me. In a letter from the day before yesterday the secretary general of the postal service tells me - 1) That the manuscript was duly sent to France and that they are now inquiring in Paris; - 2) that the registration of papers, journals etc. that are not included in a letter but, as it was the case with the manuscript, in an open envelope is not permitted in France but only in England. I may remark, by the way, that with the exception of the last shipment, I have always sent the manuscript to you and to M. Roy (and he received the manuscript to almost the entire volume) by way of a registered letter (I paid more than two pounds sterling for that to Bordeaux alone), but finding out that your publishing house, without taking it into account, has not even franked the first 100 copies of the first instalment, I also started to be stingy and to send the manuscript in a cheaper way. The result of which has proven that in the current situation of your country it is absolutely necessary to send the manuscript as a registered letter. Now I send you the first part of the lost manuscript that I have retranslated. Even if the French mail delivers the original to you, it will be necessary to print the new manuscript since it is better than the first one. Do not forget to return the manuscript to me together with the proofs. Beginning of next week I will send you manuscripts for more than one instalment [...]"). - With an inventory note at the top of the page and two minuscule holes from stapling to the bottom..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). 4 autograph letters signed. London. 12mo. 1p. 8vo. ½ p. 8vo. ¾ p. Oblong 12mo. 1 p.
$ 883,500 / 750.000 € (76581/BN49541)

Letters from November 1872, to the publisher Maurice Lachâtre, concerning the manuscripts for the ongoing publication of the French edition of "Das Kapital" (1872-75). Marx experiences problems with the postal service and is increasingly impatient with the printer Louis Justin Lahure, who fails to send him copies of the proofs. - I. Accompanying letter to the replacement for a manuscript that has been lost by the French mail, according to an earlier letter: "Ci-inclus la suite du manuscrit 'perdu'; à demain la fin, et du manuscrit de M.

Roy que j’avais prêt, c. à d. corrigé. - Pourquoi n’ai-je pas encore reçu les dernières épreuves de livr[aisons] 8 et 9 ? Vous les aviez envoyés à Bordeaux où M. Roy n’est pas pour le moment. Mais quoiqu’il est très juste et même dicté par les convenances de lui envoyer des épreuves, cela ne devrait jamais devenir une cause de retard. Les corrections sont faites ici et non par lui. Longuet - qui demeure à Oxford - vous fait saluer […]" (5 Nov. 1872) ("In the attachment the continuation of the 'lost' manuscript. Until tomorrow the rest and the manuscript of M. Roy that I have ready, that is corrected. Why have I not already received the last proofs of the instalments 8 and 9? You sent them to Bordeaux where M. Roy currently is not. But although it is quite correct and even dictated by convention to send him the proofs, this can never become the cause for a delay. The corrections are done here and not by him. Longuet, who stays in Oxford, sends you greetings [...]"). - The postscript concerning a possible Italian translation of "Das Kapital" reads: "Je ne sais plus si je vous ai déjà communiqué que deux traducteurs - le général La Cecilia et Bignami (rédacteur de La Plebe à Lodi) se sont offerts pour la traduction italienne" ("I do not remember anymore whether I already communicated to you that two translators - General La Cecilia and Bignami (editor of La Plebe in Lodi) offered themselves for an Italian translation"). - II. Concerning further pages of the manuscript and missing proofs: "Je vous envoie aujourd’hui du manuscrit, p. 365-416 (inclus). Veuillez bien m’en accuser réception. Des trois placards (à commencer par 16) que M. Lahure m’a envoyés je n’ai reçu qu’un seul exemplaire, et je regrette d’avoir à répéter toujours de nouveau qu’il me faut deux exemplaires de chaque placard. Il me faut donc envoyer un nouveau exemplaire de chaque placard […]" (18 Nov. 1872) ("Today I send you pages 365 to 416 (enclosed). Please acknowledge their receipt. Of the three proofs (beginning with 16) that M. Lahure sent me, I have not received but a single copy and I regret that I always must repeat that I need two copies of each proof. Therefore I need to be sent a new copy of each proof [...]"). - III. Explaining problems with the English mail in sending the manuscripts: "Il paraît que les agents subalternes de la Poste Anglaise avaient demandé à ma servante un affranchissement 'insuffisant' et qu’ensuite l’administration supérieure nous punit pour les péchés de ses propres gens. J’ai immédiatement arrangé l’affaire et j’espère qu’on expédiera le manuscrit aujourd’hui. J’attends encore - en vain jusqu’ici - l’envoi par M. Lahure d’un second exemplaire des placards 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. Par cela on me fait perdre le temps […]" (23 Nov.) ("It seems that the subordinate employees of the English mail asked my servant for 'insufficient' postage and that, later, the higher echelons punished us for the sins of their own people. I immediately sorted out the affair and I hope that they will dispatch the manuscript today. I am still waiting - so far in vain - for the shipment from M. Lahure of a second copy of the proofs 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. Thus I lose time [...]"). - IV. Complaining about the missing proofs: "Je n’ai pas encore reçu le[s] duplicates des placards que vous m’aviez annoncé dans votre dernière lettre. J’espère que vous mettrez fin, une fois pour toutes à ces procédés dilatoires de M. Lahure […]" (28 Nov.) ("I have not yet received the copies of the proofs that you announced to me in your most recent letter. I expect that you will make an end to these dilatory proceedings by M. Lahure once and for all [...]"). - All letters with an inventory note and two minuscule holes from stapling. The letter from 23 Nov. with frayed left border (no text loss)..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. [London]. 8vo. 1 page.
$ 329,840 / 280.000 € (76582/BN49542)

Probably to Paulin Franques (a Paris collaborator of Lachâtre): "Je n’ai plus de copie. Le 16 février j’écrivis à M. Vernouillet qu’elle me faisait défaut depuis des semaines. Alors il devait écrire directement à M. Roy et après un nouveau laps de temps je reçus enfin de la copie mais pas assez. De cette manière des interruptions continuelles sont occasionnées, d’autant plus qu’il me paraît que vous ne tirez pas avant d’avoir cliché, qu’il vous faut avoir, par exemple, les livraisons 18-24 pour pouvoir publier les livraisons 15-20.

M. Roy s’est obligé par son contrat avec M. Lachâtre de m’envoyer tous les dix jours soixante pages. Comme la révision de la copie me donne déjà trop de travail, j’ai sûrement le droit de demander que les clauses du traité soient rigoureusement et régulièrement exécutées. Ayez la bonté de faire M. Vernouillet écrit à M. Roy pour qu’il envoie de la copie et de communiquer cette lettre à M. Lachâtre [...]" ("I have no more copy. On February 16th, I wrote to M. Vernouillet that I have had none for weeks. So he had to write to M. Roy, and after another period of time I finally received more copy, but not enough. This way of doing things occasions constant interruptions, the more as it seems to me that you do not print before having printing plates, as you need to have, for instance, instalments 18 to 24 to be able to print instalments 15 to 20. M. Roy is obliged by the contract with M. Lachâtre to send me 60 pages every ten days. The copy's revision already burdens me with a lot of work, so that I could at least ask for strict and regular adherence of the clauses of the contract. Would you please have the kindness to have M. Vernouillet write to M. Roy to send more copy and to communicate this letter to M. Lachâtre [...]". - Lower margin with slight creases..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. London. 8vo. 1 page.
$ 294,500 / 250.000 € (76583/BN49543)

To an unnamed addressee, probably Juste Vernouillet, director of the publishing house Lachâtre & Co.: "M. Roy ayant priè M. Lachâtre de lui faire donner 300 f. à la fin de ce mois. M. Lachâtre a demandé que je donne mon autorization. J'écris donc aujourdhui à vous et à M. L. pour vous autorizer à payer immédiatement cette somme à M. Roy. Je vois de la lettre de M. Roy qu'il n'a pas encore reçu un seul fascicle imprimé. C'est presque incroyable! Certainement, ce n'était pas là une manière d'activer son travail ou de le mettre à même de changer son mode de traduction [...]" ("M.

Roy has asked M. Lachâtre to give him 300 f. by the end of this month. M. Lachâtre has asked me to give my authorisation. Therefore, I write to you and to M. L. today to authorise you to pay M. Roy this sum immediately. From M. Roy's letter I see that he has not received a single printed fascicle. That is almost unbelievable! Surely, this was not a means to prompt his work or to even make him change his mode of translation [...]"). - With old inventory note..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. London. 8vo. 1 page.
$ 329,840 / 280.000 € (76584/BN49544)

To an unnamed addressee, probably Maurice Lachâtre: "J'ai écrit à M. Vernouillet pour l'autorizer à payer 300 f. à M. Roy. M. Roy, qui s'est marié et est devenu père, se trouve dans une position très difficile. Pour le mettre à même de donner moins de leçons et consacrer plus de temps à la traduction, M. Roy et moi nous sommes convenus de ceci: d'un côté: je recevrai tous les 10 jours 50 pages; (une quarantaine de pages doit y arriver domain); sa traduction sera ainsi terminé vers la fin de Mai.

de l'autre côté: il recevra 200 f. à la fin d'Avril et le reste à la fin de Mai. D'après une lettre de M. Roy il n'a pas encore reçu un seul fascicle imprime! Je trouve cela très étrange! Comment voulez vous qu'il ait activé son travail en ne voyant rien apparaître? Encore, ce n'était que par l'étude des fascicles imprimés qu'il avait été amené à changer sa méthode de traduction. Je suppose que vous n'êtes pour rien dans ce procédé pas convenable [...]" ("I have written to M. Vernouillet authorizing him to pay M. Roy 300 f. M. Roy, who has got married and has become a father, is in a difficult situation. In order to enable him to give fewer lectures and spend more time on the translation, M. Roy and I have agreed on this: on the one hand, I will receive 50 pages every 10 days (some forty pages must arrive tomorrow); this way his translation will be finished by the end of May. On the other hand, he will receive 200 f. by the end of April and the remainder by the end of May. According to a letter from M. Roy he has not yet received a single printed fascicle! I find this very strange! How do you expect him to keep up his work without seeing anything that is released? After all, it was only by studying the printed fascicles that he was made to change his method of translation. I suppose you are not involved at all in this unpleasant process [...]")..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. London. 12mo. 1 page.
$ 353,400 / 300.000 € (76585/BN49545)

To an unnamed addressee: "Ci-inclus la biographie que vous avez demandée. Longuet l'a faite, mais il ne font pas le nommer. J'ai ajouté un de mes photographes dont la reproduction dans le 'Capital' est tres mauvaise. L'état de ma santé ne me permet pas encore de travailler que quelques heures de la journée. De là manque de manuscrit pour M. Lahure. Néanmoins, il reçoit aujourd'hui des épreuves qui comprennent déjà une partie de la trente deuxième feuille. Après les avoir renvoyés, il n'y aura donc aucune raison pour ne pas publier fasc.

V et VI. J'espère lui pouvoir fournir jusqu'à la fin de la semaine de nouveau manuscrit [...]" ("Enclosed is the biography you asked for. It was written by Longuet [i.e., the journalist Charles Longuet] but he does not need to be mentioned. I have added one of my photos, the reproduction of which in 'Capital' is very poor. My state of health does not allow me to work more than a few hours a day. Hence the lack of a manuscript for M. Lahure. Still, he receives proofs that already include part of leaf 32 today. After having sent them, there will be no reason not to publish fasc. V and VI. I hope to present him with the new manuscript by the end of the week [...]"). - With old note of inventory..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed ("K. M."). [London]. 8vo. ½ page.
$ 306,280 / 260.000 € (76586/BN49546)

To an unnamed addressee, probably Maurice Lachâtre: "Cher citoyen, J’étais très malade pendant les dernières semaines et je suis encore souffrant. Cependant M. Lahure a reçu les dernières épreuves le 8 septembre. Il a tout et plus qu’il ne lui faut pour publier les 5 et 6 livraisons. Pourquoi ne procède-t-il donc pas? Je trouve qu’il agit très impolitiquement, et vous m’obligerez en m’informant sur les raisons de ce retard. À Berlin, dans les cercles les mieux instruits, on considère la fusion comme une chose perdue et le rétablissement de la monarchie en France comme un rêve qui ne s’accomplira pas [...]" ("I have been very ill during the last weeks and am still suffering.

Meanwhile M. Lahure has received the last proofs on September 8th. He has everything and more of what he does not need to publish instalments 5 and 6. So why is he not proceeding? I think his actions are highly impolitic, and I am obliged to you for informing me about the reasons for the delay. In Berlin, in the better informed circles, the fusion is considered a lost thing and the restoration of the monarchy in France a dream never to be accomplished [...]"). - Marx alludes to the attempt of a monarchic fusion undertaken by the count of Paris, Head of the House of Orléans, next to the count of Chambord, legitimist suitor. - Written in a small, close hand. With a notarial inventory mark..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed ("K. M."). [London]. 12mo. 1 page.
$ 376,960 / 320.000 € (76587/BN49547)

To an unnamed addressee: "Dans votre lettre que je viens de recevoir aujourd'hui aussi bien que dans la lettre précédente vous parlez seulement de la sixième série, mais veuillez bien remarquer que je n'ai pas encore reçu la cinquième! J'ai écrit pour avoir des notes biographiques de Bebel et Liebknecht. Les chances du roy sont plus que douteuses; mais même s'il revenait, la France ne serait pas perdue. C'est du reste la politique de M. Thiers qui a amené cette catastrophe et, si la France y échappe, c'est grâce à la Hectique absurde des hommes de l'ordre moral et aux hésitations et scrupules de l'enfant du miracle, autrement dit 'l'enfant de l'Europe' [...]" ("In your letter I just received today, as well as in the previous one, you only speak of the sixth series, but please note that I have not yet received the fifth! I wrote to obtain biographical notes on Bebel and Liebknecht.

The King's chances are more than dubious; but even if he returns, France will not be lost. By the way, it is M. Thiers' politics that caused this catastrophe, and if France escapes from it, it will be thanks to the absurd hecticness of the men of the moral order and to the hesitations and scruples of the child prodigy, also known as 'the child of Europe' [...]". - Marx alludes to Henri d'Artois, the Legitimist pretender to the throne of France between 1844 and 1883. After the collapse of the Second Empire under Napoleon III, his claim to the throne was supported by both Legitimists and Orléanists. However, Henri's insistence on the abandonment of the tricolour flag led to his losing the throne and to the establishment of the Third Republic. - With old inventory note. Small waterstain to upper left-hand corner, not touching text; two tiny marks from a paper clip, affecting a single letter..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. [London]. 12mo. 1 page.
$ 306,280 / 260.000 € (76588/BN49548)

To an unnamed addressee, probably Juste Vernouillet, director of the publishing house Lachâtre & Co, about the last part of the translation of "Das Kapital": "Cher citoyen, J’ai reçu hier de la part de M. Roy la fin de la traduction. Il faut lui donc payer le reste des 1500 frs que j’ai avancés (à M. Lachâtre) pour sa rémunération. Ma santé est à peu près rétablie et M. Lahure recevra bientôt une bonne partie du manuscrit [...]" ("Dear citizen, yesterday I received from M. Roy the end of the translation.

Therefore he has to be paid the rest of the 1500 frs which I have advanced (to M. Lachâtre) for his payment. My health is nearly restored and M. Lahure will soon receive a good part of the manuscript [...]"). - With a notarial inventory mark. Tiny holes; lower margin slightly frayed..

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Marx, Karl

philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Autograph letter signed. Brussels. 8vo. 1 p. bifolium with integral address leaf.
$ 141,360 / 120.000 € (76591/BN49559)

Unpublished, early letter in French, Marx's only known missive to the Belgian journalist and politician Lucien-Léopold Jottrand (1804-77): "J’ai l’honneur de vous faire parvenir l’original de mon petit discours inséré au Northern Star. Je me fais un Plaisir d’y ajouter un exemplaire de mon livre contre M. Proudhon [...]". Like Engels, Jottrand was a member of the Fraternal Democrats of Brussels. On 27 September the society had adopted the decision to found a Democratic Association, and Engels was elected to its Organising Committee.

Engels had made Jottrand aware that he might have to leave Brussels and thus be unable to serve on the Committee, but that he would suggest Marx to replace him. Indeed, on the 30th, Engels officially wrote to Jottrand that circumstances would require his absence: "I therefore request you to call on a German democrat resident in Brussels to participate in the work of the committee charged with organising a universal democratic society. I would take the liberty of proposing to you one of the German democrats in Brussels whom the meeting, had he been able to attend it, would have nominated for the office which, in his absence, it honoured me by conferring upon myself. I mean Mr Marx, who, I am firmly convinced, has the best claim to represent German democracy on the committee. Hence it would not be Mr Marx who would be replacing me there, but rather I who, at the meeting, replaced Mr Marx [...]" (MEGA III.2, 110). On the same day, he advised Marx of the content of his letter to Jottrand: " I had in fact already agreed with Jottrand that I would advise him in writing of my departure and propose you for the committee. Jottrand is also away and will be back in a fortnight. If, as I believe, nothing comes of the whole affair, it will be Heilberg’s proposal that falls through; if something does come of it, then it will be we who have brought the thing about. Either way we have succeeded in getting you and, after you, myself, recognised as representatives of the German democrats in Brussels, besides the whole plot having been brought to a dreadfully ignominious end. Karl Marx wrote several pieces for Friedrich Engels’s "Northern Star" in 1847, so it is not clear which manuscript (“l’original”), he enclosed to Gottrand. But the book he enclosed was the recently published was The Poverty of Philosophy, a pivotal work in Marx’s thinking and an attack on the anarchist Pierre-Joséph Proudon’s Philosophy of Poverty. Marx memorably described his opponent as “petit bourgeois”, a epithet which resounded in all later Communist literature. Marx’s book paved the way for the Communist Manifesto, written between December 1847 and January 1848. Marx has dated the letter "2 octobre" from his Brussels address in the rue d’Orléans. The letter is docketed "1848" in another hand. Marx was expelled from Brussels earlier in 1848, so the date of the letter must be 2 October 1847, which was also the year of publication of The Poverty of Philosophy. - Vertical and horizontal folds..

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Marx, Karl

Eigenh. Manuskript.
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

The long-lost "Fourth Brussels Notebook": a substantive manuscript, mainly in French, written during the highly productive spring of 1845, when Marx in his Brussels exile embarked on the preliminary studies for his "Kritik der politischen Ökonomie" and the "Kapital". Nearly two decades later, while preparing the "Kapital" manuscript, Marx added ten pages of calculations and mathematical notes: like most of the excerpts in the earlier portions of the volume, they would be included to a large extent in his magnum opus. One of the last great Marx manuscripts in private hands and the most extensive specimen to appear in the trade for 80 years. The unifying theme of this excerpt book based on French and British economists is clearly that of money, trade, and credit, as well as the concept and role of capital. "Indeed, Marx was not only interested in abstract, theoretical notions, but also in specific information as to various countries. Material about France he found in Dupré de Saint Maur, about the Netherlands in De Pinto, about Russia especially in Storch" (cf. MEGA IV/3, p. 463). His attention was focused on "the basic concerns of classical political economy: the nature of wealth and its sources, the role of work, the nature of value and its relation to price, the role of money etc." Marx's desire to "acquire as extensive a knowledge as possible" is evident (cf. ibid., p. 461). - The notebook links up with a slightly earlier, similar volume in which Marx had collected excerpts, ending with extracts from the German-Baltic economist Heinrich von Storch. The present ms. begins with excerpts from Storch's "Cours d'économie politique" (Paris 1824f.), namely from vol. 3, pt. 2 ("Considérations sur la nature de revenu national") and from the final volume (notes by J.-B. Say). These are followed by brief extracts from N. F. Dupré de St. Maur's "Essai sur les monnoies" (Paris 1746), to which Marx would make no reference later. After this, he prepared extensive extracts from Isaac de Pinto's "Traité de la circulation et du credit" (Amsterdam 1771) - an influential work that endorsed public debt, division of labour, the issue of bank notes, and stock exchange trading. The "Traité" included several additional, shorter works, and Marx prepared extracts of varying length from all of them. He would quote from these in several of his own works, including the first volume of the "Kapital". These passages are followed by similarly extensive extracts from Josiah Child's "Traites sur le commerce" (Berlin 1754, a French translation of the 1693 "New Discourse About Trade"). This work, widely read until well into the second half of the 18th century, argued for low interest rates and for strengthening the balance of foreign trade. Marx made excerpts from the entire work and used them in the third book of his "Kapital". He occasionally interrupts these excerpts to include short notes of his own - comments that explain the reason for including each text and that are invaluable for understanding Marx's creative method. Ten additional pages contain mathematical calculations probably penned during the years 1861/63 while Marx was working on the "Kapital" manuscript and which relate to the rates of surplus value and profit (second book). Some, however, refer to the 1850s housekeeping costs of the Marx family and thus are of biographical interest. - The year 1845 also marks the beginning of the collaboration between Marx and Engels: that very spring they published their first joint effort, "Die heilige Familie". The Brussels years produced groundbreaking works such as "Thesen über Feuerbach" and "Die deutsche Ideologie". While not published until much later, they first formulated central elements of historical materialism. Brussels is also the place where principal parts of the "Communist Manifesto" were drafted. - First 3 leaves loose with slight edge damage (no loss to text); generally tightly bound with insignificant edge defects and without any loss to text. Compared with the original condition which still prevailed in the 1920s, the final 3 leaves are missing: these contained extracts from Benjamin Bell's "De la disette" (Geneva 1804, not used by Marx in his own publications or manuscripts) as well as a few calculations, all probably penned somewhat later. Of these three leaves, the final and third-last one are today kept at the Moscow RC (Rossijskij centr chranenija i izucenija dokumentov novejsej istorii; Russian Centre for the Preservation and Study of Documents of Recent History) after having been gifted to Mikhail Gorbachev in the late 1980s by the American business manager and philanthropist Armand Hammer (1898-1990). The penultimate leaf is considered lost. - Provenance: In American private collection since 1990; directly acquired from the collector in 2012.


Marx, Karl

Autograph letter signed.
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

To the Chartist Collet Dobson Collet, a review of the electoral system in the German states. Marx, evidently responding to an enquiry from Collet, lists ten significant points about the German electoral and parliamentary systems, beginning with the facts that members of the Prussian lower house are paid, but those of the electoral colleges are not, that election costs are paid out of provincial exchequers (adding an observation on the division of electoral districts: "Aliquot parts of the population choose each one member for Parliament"), and that there is no qualification for becoming a member of parliament or of the electoral colleges. A substantial paragraph is devoted to explaining the income-based composition of these electoral colleges: "The primary voters include all men from the age of 25 years who pay any direct tax. Certain direct taxes are paid by almost everybody, even servants"; these voters are divided into three electoral classes, depending on how much tax they pay, and "Each of the three electoral classes so formed elects the same number of secondary electors who form the electoral body that finally nominates the members of Parliament'". After explaining two other details of the Prussian system, Marx explains that 'The modes of election throughout Germany are far from uniform. Generally, however, the system of double elections prevails', though he notes that in Bavaria there is not the Prussian division into classes; in terms of probity and discipline, "Cases of electoral bribery are absolutely unknown in all German states", "The daily attendance of members of Parliament is rigorously enforced' and there exists no equivalent of the British 'count-out'; finally, ministers can take part in parliamentary debates even if not members, but cannot of course vote".


Marx, Karl

Eigenh. Brief mit U.
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

To the publisher Heinrich Brockhaus in Leipzig, offering articles for his journal "Die Gegenwart". "Your Excellency, I hereby inquire whether you […] are in need of an article concerning 'the modern national economical literature in England, 1830-1852'. To my knowledge, no similar work, not in German nor in English, has so far been published. It would include 1) general works on political economy, 2) specialized writings published at the time, in so far as they treat epochal controversies, such as population, the German colonies, banking issues, protective duties and free trade, etc. […]. Another work, very topical at this moment, is 'The present state of the parties' - those which will face one another in the next parliament […]". - Note on letterhead (27 August). In his letter to Engels of 8 September 1852, Marx describes his desperate situation: he is unable to call a doctor for his wife and daughter "because I have no money for medicine […] I have been trying everything, all in vain. […] I applied to Brockhaus and I am offering him an article for the 'Gegenwart' with harmless content. He turned me down by a very kind letter […]" (MEW 28, 58).


Marx, Karl

Autograph manuscript leaf of notes on the Polish question, taken from the notebook labelled "Exzerpte. Heft No 2".
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

A rare opportunity to acquire a leaf of an original Karl Marx manuscript, his research notes towards a planned joint publication with Engels following the uprising in the Russian part of Poland in January 1863. "When in 1863 the January uprising broke out in the Russian part of Poland and a Prussian intervention on the side of the Tsar with the Russo-Prussian Alvensleben Convention (February 8th) appeared probable, Karl Marx saw a new era of European revolutions opened and a statement necessary. He and Friedrich Engels planned to write a manifesto on behalf of the London based German émigré Bildungsgesellschaft für Arbeiter as well as a more comprehensive and elaborate pamphlet to be titled ‘Deutschland & Polen. Polit[isch]. milit[ärische]. Betrachtungen bei Gelegenheit des polnischen Aufstands von 1863'" (Götz Langkau, IISG). Though ultimately abandoned due to poor health and, implicitly, the waning revolutionary prospects of the insurrection, Marx spent the early months of 1863 filling a notebook with extracts from the daily press, and two exercise books with extracts and notes from a variety of diplomatic sources, historical surveys and political pamphlets covering Polish-Prussian-Russian relations from the early 18th century, and various drafts of the intended historical survey, more or less elaborated and covering mainly events of the 18th century up to the Congress of Vienna. The present leaf, removed from the second exercise book headed "Exzerpte, Heft No 2 (Politischer, nicht zum Heft gehöriger Dreck)", approximately 750 words in length, contains notes about Russia’s German policy between Austerlitz and the Vienna congress. - Final line of page 51 very slightly smudged, the inner edge of the leaf unevenly trimmed, in very good condition. We are indebted to Götz Langkau of the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam for his report on this leaf, available upon request.


Marx, Karl

Eigenh. Brief mit U. ("Dein Mohr").
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

To a young friend, the archaeologist Charles Waldstein (later Walstone, 1856-1927) in London, whom he intended to visit. "Liebes Waldhorn / Ich lasse diese Zeilen bei Dir wenn Du nicht zu Haus sein solltest. Ich bin willig Mittwoch 7 Uhr Abend zu kommen, wind and weather permitting, that is to say, if it be not too cold for the present conditions of my corpus delicti. Alle Versprechen dieser Welt sind ja relativ [...]". - Mounted on backing paper at the left edge. Very rare.