Maurice Lachâtre

Lachâtre, Maurice

French journalist and publisher (1814-1900). "Un épisode de la semaine infernale du 21 au 28 Mai 1871". Manuscript with autograph revisions signed. [Likely San Sebastián, Spain. 8vo. 13 pp. on blue squared paper, written on rectos only.
$ 52,515 / 45.000 € (76529/BN49406)

A long, unpublished manuscript recounting the horrors of the "Semaine sanglante" of May 21st through 28th, 1871, which saw the defeat and collapse of the revolutionary government of Paris. Originally drafted as a preface to a never-published sequel volume to Lachâtre's 1870 "Nouvelle encyclopédie nationale", what the author conceived as an apology for the book's long delay constitutes a powerful first-hand account of the "Bloody Week" and of his own persecution. The manuscript is written in a scribal hand but is extensively revised in Lachâtre's own, characteristically graceful handwriting, showing his deletions, insertions and various textual changes on almost every page.

Lachâtre describes the Communards' heroic resistance, in which women fought on the barricades alongside their husbands, brothers and sons against the vastly more numerous and better equipped army. He deplores the atrocities which the Communards, too, committed in their desperation (such as the execution of no fewer than 123 clergymen and gendarmes who had been taken hostage), but his emphasis is clearly on the indiscriminate, ruthless cruelty with which the invading soldiers slaughtered men, women and children, the decrepit and infants alike, if they suspected them of any connection at all with the Commune: "Les Versaillais massacrent, fusillent, percent de leurs sabres - baïonnettes et par milliers tous ceux qui leur tombent sous leur main, innocents ou coupables, hommes et femmes, enfants et vieillards; la vapeur du sang les énivre, la soif de la vengeance les pousse à chercher de nouvelles victimes; ils parcourent les rues, envahissent les maisons, fouillent les demeures des citoyens, arrachent de leur lit les malades, tuent tous ceux qu'ils soupçonnent avoir été partisans de la Commune [...] Ceux là sont conduits par files innombrables, prisonniers de tous les âges, hommes et femmes, des mères tenant de petits enfants par la main, quelques unes allaitant un nouveau-né; ces longues files de victimes enchaînées vont s'engouffrer dans les cours des casernes dont les portes se referment avec un bruit lugubre, et où toutes sont massacrées, toutes, jusqu'à la dernière!!!" - Lachâtre himself barely escaped into hiding before a platoon of soldiers arrived looking for him and his associate Félix Pyat (1810-89), with whom he had published the radical papers "Le Combat" and "Le Vengeur": "Se décida à abondonner la place, laissant chez lui deux femmes, deux jeunes filles dont une de dix ans à peine, son enfant. Dans la maison se trouvait également le caissier de la librairie, M. Profilet, vieillard inoffensif, qui jamais ne s’était occupé de politique [...] On était au mercredi, 22 mai! Vers les deux heures de l’après-midi, moins d’une demi-heure après le départ du citoyen Maurice La Châtre, la maison est envahie par une troupe de soldats [...] Après une heure de mortelles angoisses pour le pauvre caissier, il est lui-même emmené prisonnier! Mr. Profilet était porteur d’une montre en or avec sa chaîne, et d’une somme de 400 fr en pièces d’or, quand il fut enlevé de sa maison… Où fut-il conduit par les soldats de 55e de ligne? Quel a été le sort réservé à ce vieillard inoffensif, absolument innocent de tout acte insurrectionnel? C’est ce que ni sa famille, ni ses amis n’ont jamais su! [...] Nous vous devions le récit de ces évènements, chers lecteurs [...] A vous, aimables lectrices, à vous, chers lecteurs, amis connus et inconnus, l’auteur adresse de la terre d’exil de salut fraternel". - Slight paper flaws to bottom edge of the final leaf, otherwise very well preserved. At the head of the first page, Lachâtre has inscribed the manuscript to his longtime collaborator Félix Pyat: "Maurice LaChâtre à Félix Pyat". A diplomatic transcription of the full text is available upon request..

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[Lachâtre, Maurice

französischer Journalist und Verleger (1814-1900)]. Judgment. Handwritten document, unsigned. Versailles. 1 S. Folio.
$ 11,670 / 10.000 € (76531/BN49408)

Copy of a court martial's judgment, sentencing the bookseller Maurice de La Châtre to be deported and imprisoned in a fortress for his involvement in the Paris Commune of 1871: "3ième Conseil de Guerre de la 1ère Division militaire séant à Versailles. Jugement par Contumace. Le 3ième Conseil de Guerre permanant de la 1ère division militaire a rendu le jugement suivant: Aujourd'hui 19 décembre 1873 le 3ième Conseil de Guerre de la 1ère Division militaire séant à Versailles, ouïr le commissaire du Gouvernement dans ses réquisitions et conclusions, a declaré le nommé Delachartre (Claude Maurice) homme de lettres et libraire éditeur, contumax, à l'unanimité, coupable d'avoir en 1871, à Paris, pratiqué des intelligence avec les directeurs et commandants de bandes armées dans le but d'envahir des places et des postes appartenant à l'état & de faire attaque et résistance à La Force publique agissant contre les auteurs de ces crimes.

- 2° à la l'unanimité coupable d'avoir à la même époque et au même lieu participé à un attentat dans le but de détruire & de changer le gouvernement. En conséquence le dit conseil condamne par contumace, à l'unanimité le nommé Delachartre (Claude Maurice) Sus-qualifié, conformement aux articles 96, 88, 87 du code pénal, 5 de la constitution de 1848, et de la loi du 16 Juin 1850 et 135 du code de Justice militaire, à la peine de la déportation dans une enceinte fortifiée. Le dit Jugement à commencé à recevoir son exécution le 30 Xbre 1873". - Lachâtre, who at this time was publishing the first French translation of Marx's "Kapital", had been able to avoid arrest by flying to Spain, where he lived in San Sebastián, near the border, under the name of "Leconte". Driven away by the Carlists two years later, he again escaped to Brussels and later to Vevey in Switzerland before finally returning to France in 1879. - Traces of folds; some brownstaining; some slight defects to upper edge..

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Lachâtre, Maurice

(1814-1900) éditeur. 2 autograph papers signed and 2 autograph papers. 9 pages et quart in-8.
$ 9,920 / 8.500 € (76573/BN49533)

Address list (Karl Marx, Longuet, F. Engels, Louis Blanc, etc.). - Draft paper of a call to the actors of the events of the Commune to take part in a Memorial of the Commune, telling about how he, Lachâtre, was sentenced by a council of war, because among the papers seized at his place, there was a letter addressed to Félix Pyat. - "Programme de l'avenir" (programme of the future) signed (San Sebastian, 31. V. 1873), advocating the equality of the civil and political rights of men and women, the separation of church and state, the abolition of the death penalty, etc., calling out a "République fédérale, démocratique, sociale, universelle".

- Letter, incomplete at the beginning, (to Henri Oriol ?) concerning a journal's publication and its financial provision, the payment of a fine, etc. - Includes 2 bills of exchange signed (Paris, 10. VI. 1868) for MM. Comas y Jarmot in Barcelona, and the copy of a letter to Emmanuel Arago (Paris, 24. XI. 1870)..

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Lachâtre, Maurice

(1814-1900) éditeur. Autograph document signed. Barcelone. 1 page in-4 sur papier bleu.
$ 11,087 / 9.500 € (76574/BN49534)

Extract of his will, stating that he would die the way he lived, as a free thinker, wishing no religious ceremony to take place at his funeral, his cortege being that of a poor man without splendour: "Je mourrai, comme j’ai vécu, en libre penseur et attaché à la doctrine spirite; en conséquence aucune cérémonie religieuse ne devra avoir lieu lors de mon inhumation: mon convoi sera celui des pauvres, sans apparat [...]". He then gives detailed instructions for the embalment of his corpse and finishes by determining the distribution of part of his fortune in favour of the poor and those in need, as well as existing or newly founded humanitarian institutions: "[...] en faveur des pauvres, des déshérités de ce monde et des établissements humanitaires existants ou à fonder [...]".

- Larger tear in the upper half, hardly touching text. - Furthermore, other documents: - Autograph note about his donations of merchandise (8vo. 1 page. No place or date). - 8 copies of birth and baptismal certificates of Lachâtre, Marie and Rose Garrète, Jeanne Letellier, Maurice and Enrique-Estevan Arture José Oriol (Folio. 8 pp. on 7 bifolia; oblong 4to. 2 pp.). - 2 wills of Marie-Ange Oriol (8vo. 1 page on bifolium; 4to. 1 page. Paris and Nanterre, 25. VIII. 1900 and 15. II. 1903) - Death announcements of her and Henry Oriol (4to. 2 pp. on one single leaf and one bifolium). - 12 legal documents (Folio. 7 libellums comprising 124½ pp. on 30 bifolia; 4to. 30 pp. on 8 bifolia and 1 single leaf) concerning: the sale of a house to Lachâtre (Paris, 18. VIII. 1888), Madame Oriol as his sole heiress (Paris, 15. VI. 1903), donations by Lachâtre (Paris, 26. IX. 1882), guardianships of Marie-Ange Garrette and Marie Eugénie Renard (No place, 30. IV. 1875), decisions of a family council (Paris, 31. X. 1881), the sale of business assets (Nanterre, 31. V. 1900. A booklet of Parisian annoncements and three receipts enclosed), the case "Association Syndicale du Commerce" against Monsieur Oriol (No place or date), the inheritance of the Picourts (No place, 03. I. 1887), the accusation of Joachim-Agathon-Adjutor Rattel and Rose Pauline Jenny Lefebre (Paris, 29. IV. 1902), the lease of a property in Nanterre (Paris, 20. III. 1903), and the modification of Lachâtre's legacy to Aurélie Genre (Fontenay-sous-bois, 11. V. 1909). - 11 receipts of payments by Lachâtre, Marie Thérèse and Marie-Ange Garrette (oblong 8vo. 10 pp.; 4to. 1 page. Paris and Fontenay-sous-bois, 1880-82, 1905-06, 1919-20). - 3 documents of financial content (8vo. 1½ pp. on bifolium; 4to. 3 pp.): mortgage certificate involving Lachâtre, Marie Thérèse and Marie-Ange Garrette (Paris, 04. III. 1885), letter by Mons. Bourgoins to Henry Oriol about a mortgage loan to Lachâtre and Mlle Garrette (Paris, 5. IX. 1887. On headed stationery of the notary's office Philéas Vassal), and a bill documenting a conditional loan to Lachâtre (13. VIII. 1898). - 2 certificates (Folio. 2 pp. on one bifolium and one single leaf) of membership of Marie-Ange Oriol in the "Association Syndicale du Commerce & de l'Industrie" (Paris, 12. II. 1909. Their statutes on the remaining three pages of the bifolium), and of voluntary enlistment for Maurice Pierre Leboucher (Nanterre, 23. I. 1901). - Request for payment by "Crédit Lyonnais" to Mme Oriol (4to. 1 page. Paris, 21. I. 1920). On headed stationery. - 2 notes about shares of the "Société Anonyme la Librarie du Progrès" Lachâtre has assigned to André Girard and H. France ([Oblong]8vo. 2 pp. Paris, 05. I. 1899). - Bill for the construction of a wall between two properties, one belonging to Lachâtre (4to. 1½ pp. Paris, no date). - Letter by the mayor of Le Mans to Edouard Blot in Paris about Mons. Faivre (8vo. 1 page on bifolium with autograph address verso. Le Mans, 03. VII. 1875). - Copy of a telegram by Henry Oriol, probably to his wife ("Garette") in San Remo (4to. 1 page. Paris, 04. IV. 1878). - Blank receipt of the Librairie du Progrès, a typescript citation of Victor du Bled's "Société française du XVIe Siècle au XXe Siècle" verso: "[C]e qui fait le monde, c'est la femme. Elle y est souveraine [...]" (Narrow 4to. 1½ pp.)..

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Lachâtre, Maurice

(1814-1900) éditeur. 4 autograph documents signed and 3 documents signed. Paris. 20 pages in-4 avec timbres fiscaux.
$ 7,586 / 6.500 € (76575/BN49535)

Contracts, four of which drafted by Lachâtre, stating his sale of the plates of "Histoire de la Bastille" by Arnoult, Alboize and Maquet to Mme Languet (21. VI. 1881), of "N’a-qu’un-œil" by Cladel and of Marx's "Le Capital" to Auguste Milbert and his wife Mme Bonaventure-Milbert (31. XII. 1882), of "Histoire de la Bastille" and "Histoire du Donjon" by Arnoult, Alboize and Maquet to William Heiss (31. XII. 1882), as well as the plates and the copyright of the "Dictionnaire universel de Lachâtre", the plates of the "Mystères du peuple" by Eugène Sue, as well as a large stock of books (sewn or unbound) to Henry Oriol (31.

XII. 1882). - Cession of the bookshop "Librairie du Progrès", up to this point owned by Henry Oriol and Mlle Marie-Ange Garrette, to Lachâtre and a few others (31. XII. 1885). The second leaf somewhat brownstained. - Contract in duplicate between Lachâtre, Marie-Thérèse Garrette and the other shareholders of the "Librairie du Progrès", stating that copyright and licence fees will not be paid in cash, but transferred to the respective accounts of Lachâtre and Garrette for a period of at least three years (26. VIII. 1886). - Furthermore enclosed are 6 documents, 3 letters and 2 postcards, partly addressed to Lachâtre; 4to and oblong 8vo. 19½ pp. on 9 single leaves and 1 sewn libellum comprising 2 bifolia: - Two postcards addressed to Lachâtre, one by the Lisbon publisher Joaquim Gonçalves Pereira, expressing his opinion on the engravings sent to him (22. XI. 1892), the other by an unidentified Belgian bookseller, asking for several pages of Lachâtre's dictionary (1. IX. 1897). - Letter by the paper manufacturer George Gratiot & Cie, probably to Lachâtre, about archival files the addressee had sent him (06. III. [?] 1886). On headed stationery. - Letter by an unknown writer giving an inventory of the "Dictionnaire Lachâtre" (27. V. 1921). - Document signed by Edouard Ducret paying his debt to Henry Oriol (26. X. 1883). - Cessions of copyright of "N’a-qu’un-œil" by Cladel and Marx's "Le Capital" to Mme Milbert (1890), of Ducret's "Un baiser funeste" to Henry Oriol (11. III. 1886), and of the work of Eugène Süe to the "Société Jules Rouff" (29. VII. 1904). - Two contracts stating the sale of two journals owned by Henry Oriol to J. Le Poullain (02. VII. 1880), as well as the printing of the same (02. VII. 1887). - Furthermore, the statutes of the "Librairie du Progrés", in duplicate (4to. 4 pp. on 2 bifolia), as well as 6 blank 4to leaves of the bookshop's headed stationery..

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