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Joachim Haspinger (1776–1858), Capuchin friar and Tyrolese patriot. ADS (“Joachim Haspinger Obercomandant in Tyrol Rothbart”). No place, 809. 1 p. Oblong large 12°. In German. “Joachim Haspinger, high commander in Tyrol, Redbeard, called the brother of Andreas Hofer”. – Haspinger, the eldest son of a wealthy farmer, was destined for the priesthood. He interrupted his schooling in 1796 by volunteering for a military expedition, defending the Tyrolese borders against the troops of the French Revolution. Haspinger studied philosophy at Innsbruck for two years before joining the Capuchin Order at Eppan in 1802. He was ordained in 1805 and worked at the Schlanders monastery before it was closed down by the Bavarians and the monks were removed to Klausen. There, Haspinger established a liaison with the rebel Andreas Hofer, and “on the morning of Whit-Sunday, [he] announced from the pulpit at Klausen Hofer’s summons to rise, and by midday had formed, at Verdings, a company of picked marksmen and placed himself at their head. In the first battle on Mount Isel (28–29 May) he commanded the left wing of the peasant army, operating near Natters” (Catholic Encyclopaedia, vol. VII). Popular belief had it that he was bulletproof. After the Peace of Schönbrunn (between Napoleon and Franz I) on 14 October 1809, when the futility of prolonged struggle became evident, Haspinger persuaded Andreas Hofer to continue the rebellion – and continued to advise Hofer thus even after the lost fourth battle on Mount Isel. After his defeat at Schenna, Haspinger was compelled to flee and hid at Tschengls castle in Vintschgau. After ten months he managed to escape to Vienna (via Upper Italy, Switzerland, and Carinthia); from 1811, he administered parishes in Vienna and Lower Austria.