Friedrich Engels

German social scientist and political theorist, 1820-1895

"Together with Karl Marx, Engels was the father of Marxist theory. In 1845 he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in Manchester. In 1848 he co-authored The Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx, though he also authored and co-authored (primarily with Marx) many other works, and later he supported Marx financially to do research and write Das Kapital. After Marx's death, Engels edited the second and third volumes. Additionally, Engels organized Marx's notes on the ""Theories of Surplus Value,"" which he later published as the ""fourth volume"" of Capital. He has also made contributions to family economics."

Source: Wikipedia

Engels, Friedrich

political theorist (1820-1895). Autograph letter signed ("F. Engels"). London. 8vo. 1 p. on bifolium.
$ 386,225 / 350.000 € (76570/BN49529)

Unpublished letter to the publisher Maurice Lachâtre, regarding the project of a biography of Karl Marx, to be written by Engels: "J’accepte votre proposition d'écrire l'histoire de Karl Marx qui sera en même temps celle du parti Communiste allemand d'avant 1850 & du parti socialiste d'après 1852. Envisagée sous ce point de vue, la biographie d'un homme deviendra l'histoire du parti dont Marx est sans contredit la plus haute personnification, & sera du plus grand intérêt pour la démocratie française.

C'est cette considération qui m'engagera à me distraire de mes travaux pour me consacrer à cette œuvre qui demande des recherches & du temps pour être digne du sujet ; mais je ne puis consentir à m'occuper de ce travail que lorsque, dans une seconde lettre, vous m'aurez dit vos conditions que, sans doute par inadvertance, vous avez négligé de mentionner dans votre lettre du 14 février [...]" ("I accept your offer to write a biography of Karl Marx which would also be a history of the German Communist Party before 1850 and of the Socialist Party after 1852. Considered from this point of view, the biography of a man will become the history of the party whose undisputed highest personification is Marx, and it will be of the greatest interest for French democracy. It is this consideration that will move me to put aside my other work and dedicate myself to this oeuvre which demands research and time to be worthy of its subject. However, I cannot agree to commit myself to this effort until, in a second letter, you will have told me your conditions, which, undoubtedly by mistake, you have neglected to mention in your letter of February 14 [...]"). - Between 1872 and 1875 Maurice Lâchatre published the first French translation of "Das Kapital" and thus was in close contact with Marx. In spite of Engels's apparent enthusiasm, the biography envisaged in this letter would never be realized. In a subsequent letter, dated 31 March 1873, Engels would go on to express his dissatisfaction with Lachâtre's ideas for the biography, presenting his own conditions: he would have written the book without remuneration but demanded a donation for the foundation of an international weekly organ for the First International, to be edited by Karl Marx. - Traces of original folds..

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Engels, Friedrich

Eigenh. Brief mit U. ("F. Engels").
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

A highly remarkable and extensive letter with political content to the English stockbroker and author Thomas Allsop (1795-1880), particularly on the international and the political situation in Eastern Europe whose key issue lies in the domestic policy of Russia: the impending revolution in his own country is threatening to drag Tsar Alexander II. into war with Turkey. "My dear friend. A visit from a friend from Liverpool who came to town for a few days, unfortunately prevented me from replying earlier to your letter. We shall all be glad to see you here in London and do everything in our power to reconcile you with the world & with life. As you say, this Eastern affair is exceedingly complicated, but as Russia is the only moving & acting power in it, so are her internal necessities the only thread that can lead through all these complications & render them intelligible. Russia has the choice between a revolution & a war of conquest; there is no third outlet open to her; and as Alexander certainly will not have a revolution, war he must make. Besides, there is only one war which might avert revolution: a war with Turkey. What Mayence & the boundary of the Rhine was to Louis Napoleon, that is Constantinople & the Nosporus to Alexander: the only conquests capable of rousing national chauvinism to an extent sufficient to overcome all other shapes of public feeling, & to crush any opposition by new popularity. And, as Louis Napoleon would have been satisfied with a small slice to begin with, & the constitution of the remainder of the coveted territory in an independent state, to be swallowed hereafter, so would it perfectly suffice to Russia to reannex to small strip only which she lost in 1856, if at the same time the rest of Turkey in Europe were transformed into Christial vassal states of the Porte, in reality outposts of Russia [...] As to Austria, the inherent stupidity of that government makes its policy incalculable [...] As to Poland, never fear. She is less Russianized now than a hundred years ago [...] The Poles in Prussia are equally indestructible; Germanization proceeds very slowly except in those portions which were settled & inhabited before 1772. In Austria the Poles are not only not interfered with, but so placed that they can perfectly take care of themselves & make of Galicia the headquarters of Polish agitation. What the Russian government think of Poland was plainly shown in the Crimean war: they rather sacrificed all their armies in the long marches to the Crimea than to allow the war to take place near the Polish frontier. But I must conclude. Very faithfully yours, F. Engels." - On 6 December 1876, the first social revolutionary demonstration should arise in St. Petersburg. Shortly after Russia had signed a secret agreement with the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Romania, it declared war on Turkey on 24 June 1877. - Small traces of folding, but overall in mint condition. Extremely rare.