Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Führer der indischen Unabhängigkeitsbewegung, 1869-1948

Gandhi entwickelte sich ab Ende der 1910er Jahre in Indien zum politischen und geistigen Anführer der indischen Unabhängigkeitsbewegung. Er forderte die Menschenrechte für Unberührbare und Frauen, trat für die Versöhnung zwischen Hindus und Moslems ein, kämpfte gegen die koloniale Ausbeutung und für ein neues, autarkes, von der bäuerlichen Lebensweise geprägtes Wirtschaftssystem. Die Unabhängigkeitsbewegung führte mit gewaltfreiem Widerstand, zivilem Ungehorsam und Hungerstreiks schließlich das Ende der britischen Kolonialherrschaft über Indien herbei (1947), verbunden mit der Teilung Indiens. Ein halbes Jahr danach fiel Gandhi einem Attentat zum Opfer.

Quelle: Wikipedia

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

leader of India during the Indian independence movement (1869-1948). Series of nine letters, notes and cards. [Sabermati Ashram]. Chiefly 12mo. Altogether 10 pages on 9 ff.
65.000 € (79707/BN51792)

Series of nine letters, notes and cards (all in Gujarati), eight to Jamnabehn and one to Yashwant Prasad, comprising two autograph letters signed, three autograph cards signed, and four cards signed in pencil, discussing Gandhi's diet and health, refusing the offer of a blanket ("one that I have is enough"), and expressing his concern about Yashwant Prasad's heart condition: "Don’t worry about me. I take all the precautions necessary. God is there to take care of all of us. Before the Almighty we are helpless, worrying causes unnecessary problems [...]" (transl.).

Jamnabehn, a member of the extended Gandhi clan, was an active weaver of khadi on the charkha and worked alongside Dadabhai Naroji's grandchildren Perin Ben Captain and Khrushed Behn. Most of these letters date from 1926, when Gandhi was living in self-imposed withdrawal from the public world at Sabarmati and experimenting with a diet of fruit. - Small burn holes to two letters, nicks and tears at edges; browned..

jetzt kaufen

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

leader of India during the Indian independence movement (1869-1948). Autograph letter signed ("Bapu"). No place. 30.01.1935. Small 8vo (120 x 82 mm). 1 p.
15.000 € (82586/BN53760)

In Gujarati to his friend Behramhi Khambhatta: "I hope you are now improving. You must give up your attachment to Bombay. Be content with what God has given you. Are you likely to find any difficulty in living in Poona? Do let me know" (transl.). - Brownstained, stamped "6607".

jetzt kaufen

verkauft

 
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

Eigenh. Briefentwurf.
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

Auf der Verso-Seite eines an ihn gerichteten ms. Briefes eines Anhängers namens George Mammen: "Our India will have need of you. You have had your training. You will give India the benefit of that training. It would be sad only if after the trials and suffering ["of war" durchgestrichen] that our soldiers have been through, they forget the lessons of their eyes, the moment the peril is lifted. But one thing you should remember, under national Govt, you won't be pampered. You won't have all those lavish remunerations and privileges which a foreign Govt. bribed you with at the expense of India. India is destitute. You can serve her only by showing her destitution and poverty. Otherwise you will earn not the gratitude but the execration of your country. [Am oberen Rand:] You will, I know, fully share in this freedom, only to breathe the air of freedom with your countrymen". - Etwas knittrig und lichtrandig und mit einigen kleinen Stecknadeldurchstichen.


Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

Typed postcard signed ("Bapu").
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

To "Dorothy", probably his disciple Dorothy Hogg: "I have your letter as also copies of the articles. They were quite serviceable. I suppose you are keeping yourself in touch with Agatha. Therefore I do not need to say much". - Hogg, a quaker from Birmingham, was secretary to the English pacifist Muriel Lester, whose hospitality the Mahatma had enjoyed during his London visit in 1931. Hogg first met Gandhi on a visit to India in 1934, accompanying Lester. In 1946 she published the book "The moral challenge of Gandhi", and, as late as 1981, a biography of Gandhi, "Memories for Tomorrow". The "Agatha" here mentioned is the English pacifist Agatha Harrison (1885-1954), another close associate of Gandhi in the 1930s and 1940s.


Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

Autograph letter signed ("Bapu").
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

In Gujarati, to his friend Behram Navroji Khambatta, added as a postcript to a letter by his secretary Mahadev Desai to the same addressee: "I am glad you wrote. I was wondering why there was no letter from you. Endure the ulcer cheerfully as a gift from God [...]" (transl.). - Stamped "7561" and marked in pencil "CW 5036". Slightly browned and stained. Tracs of folds.