Ludwig van Beethoven

Komponist, 1770-1827

Beethoven gilt heute als der Vollender der Wiener Klassik und Wegbereiter der Romantik. Insbesondere in den für die Epoche der Wiener Klassik grundlegenden Formen der Sinfonie, der Klaviersonate und des Streichquartetts hat er Werke geschaffen, deren musikgeschichtlicher Einfluss kaum zu übertreffen ist. So legte er beispielsweise wichtige Grundsteine für die weitgehende sinfonische Durchdringung der Solokonzerte in der weiteren Musikgeschichte. Die Sonatensatzform, und darin namentlich die Durchführung, entwickelte er fast zu Vollkommenheit. Auch eine immer weiterführende Konzentration von Sinfonien und Solokonzerten, sich von Quantität zu Qualität bewegend, kann Beethoven zugesprochen werden.

来源: Wikipedia

Beethoven, Ludwig van

Komponist (1770-1827). Autograph letter signed ("Beethoven"). [Baden, Anfang September 1823]. Gr.-4to. 1 p.
$ 107,555 / 98.000 € (78415)

To Franz Christian Kirchhoffer, in German, concerning the sending of the "Missa solemnis" to London: "Mein werther Kirchhoffer. Sollte es nicht möglich seyn, ein paquet durch die Englische Gesandtschaft nach London zu schicken, erkundigen sie sich gefälligst, ich werde deswegen morgen um Antwort schicken oder wenn sie es der Gelegenheit wegen für gut befinden? Auf Sonntag sehn wir sie gewiß mein Karl u. ich bey unß zu Tische, das Wetter scheint wieder günstig zu werden, u. es wird unß beyden ihre Gegenwart recht erfreulich seyn.

- Ihr Ergebenster Beethoven" (Beethoven asks Kirchhoffer to inquire whether it might be possible to send a package to London through the British Embassy. He invites him to lunch with him at his flat on Sunday, with his nephew Karl: the weather appears promising, and his presence would be a great pleasure for both of them). -Kirchhoffer served as cashier at the Hofmann & Goldstein Bank in Vienna. Several times in 1823 he helped Beethoven to send funds as well as music to their mutual friend Ferdinand Ries (1784-1838) in London. The shipment in question is the just-completed "Missa solemnis", op. 123, for which Ries is to find a publisher. - Traces of folds and small hole, professionally restored and finely mounted on the reverse, with address panel covered..

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[Beethoven, Ludwig van]

deutscher Komponist und Pianist (1770-1827). Gedruckte „Einladung zu Ludwig van Beethoven’s Leichenbegängniss“. Wien. 1 p. quer-gr.-8vo. Mit Trauerrand. Stärkeres Papier. Leicht fleckig. In der rechten oberen Ecke eine Anmerkung von fremder Hand „No 26.“.
$ 13,170 / 12.000 € (78914)

Originaldruck des „Partezettels“: „[…] Man versammelt sich in der Wohnung des Verstorbenen im Schwarzspanier-Hause Nr. 200, | am Glacis vor dem Schottenthore. | Der Zug begibt sich von da nach der Dreyfaltigkeits=Kirche | bey den P. P. Minoriten in der Alsergasse. || Die musikalische Welt erlitt den unersetzlichen Verlust des berühmten Tondichters am 26. März 1827 Abends gegen 6 Uhr. / Beethoven starb an den Folgen der Wassersucht, im 56. Jahre seines Alters, | nach empfangenen heil. Sacramenten […]“

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Beethoven, Ludwig van

Komponist (1770-1827). Druch der „Musikalisch-declamatorische | Akademie“ vom 3. Mai 1827 im landständischen Saal in Wien „als Beytrag zur Errichtung eines Grabmahles | fuer Beethoven“. Wien. Folio. 1 p. Knickspuren. Sehr selten.
$ 3,293 / 3.000 € (80016)

Druck der „Musikalisch-declamatorische | Akademie“ vom 3. Mai 1827 im landständischen Saal in Wien „als Beytrag zur Errichtung eines Grabmahles | fuer Beethoven“. – Auf dem Programm standen ausschließlich Werke Beethovens, darunter die 5. Symphonie und der Chor aus dem Oratorium „Christus am Ölberge“. - Sehr selten. Die A.M.Z. [die Wiener Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung] schrieb darüber: „Konnte man sich wohl eine kunstsinnigere Wahl denken? Blieb für die, welche diese Meisterstücke auch schon oft gehört hatten, selbst nur der kleinste Wunsch unbefriedigt? War der Zweck nicht höchst ehrenwerth? Und nun, das Resultat? - Ein kleines Häuflein Künstler und Liebhaber, die freilich mit ganzer Seele Theil nahmen, aber doch die Einnahme nicht höher als auf 200 Silbergulden zu brigen vermochten! Wo waren denn die Tausend und abermal Tausend, die sich am Schaugepränge des Leichenconducts weideten? Wo die Legionen müssiger Gaffer,l welche sich zu den Anniversarien [Seelenmessen] mit Ungestüm in die Kirchen drängten, weil - kein Entree zu entrichten war?“ vgl.

Ludwig Nohl. Beethoven's Leben, Band 3,Teil 2. SS. 801..

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Beethoven, Ludwig van

Komponist (1770-1827). Autograph sketchleaf to op. 117, "König Stephan" ("Ungarns erster Wohltäter"). [Teplitz. 2 SS. in Tinte und Bleistift auf 16-zeiligem Notenpapier (322 x 234 mm), zweifach gefaltet. Drei Lochungen im linken Rand (Spuren ehemaliger Heftung). Dabei: Zwei eigenh. Briefe mit U. von Friedrich Wilhelm Künzel in Leipzig an Fred M. Steele in Chicago, .
$ 274,375 / 250.000 € (62186/BN45287)

A densely-used two-sided autograph sketchleaf containing music to opus 117, "König Stephan" or "Ungarns erster Wohltäter" ("Hungary's first Benefactor"), the front showing, among other motifs, the opening cello/bassoon line for the beginning of the first movement chorus, "Ruhend von seinen Thaten" (Andante maestoso e con moto, C major), and the verso with material from the end of the movement, all over with various freely written passages in ink and pencil, mostly on single staves, some with text underneath, containing many holograph corrections and instances where ink is written over pencil.

- The present sketchleaf, apparently hitherto unknown to scholarship, belongs to a book of sketches that Beethoven used while writing his stage music "König Stephan" in 1811. Beethoven created his own book from various paper on hand and used it while at the spa in Teplitz from late 1810 into mid 1811. He finished "König Stephan" between 20 August and mid-September 1811. The sketches are of the first chorus (after the overture). The musical play was commissioned for the opening of the new theatre in Pest along with "The Ruins of Athens". First performed on 9 February 1812, it was published as op. 117. King Stephen I founded Hungary in 1000. Emperor Francis I of Austria commissioned the new theatre, and Beethoven was chosen as the composer to honour the occasion of the opening. The Austrian Emperor was honouring Hungary's loyalty, thus the subject matter on a text by August von Kotzebue. - The Beethoven-Haus in Bonn holds four other sketches from this sketchbook (viewable in their digital online archive, as entries HCB Bsk 2/50, 3/51, 4/52, and Mh 81), all of which share the same three holes punched on the left-side margin of the present sketch. We would like to thank Dr. Carmelo Comberiati, professor of Music History at Manhattanville College, for his assistance in cataloguing this lot. - Provenance: Friedrich Wilhelm Künzel, Leipzig, before 1886; Collection of Fred M. Steele, Chicago, purchased from the above, 1886. Offered in the "Collection of Important Autographs in the estate of Mrs. Ella P. Steele, widow of Mr. Fred M. Steele" (Philadelphia, 1918). Acquired from the purchaser's descendants, last located in Greenwich, CT..

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Beethoven, Ludwig van

Komponist (1770-1827). Fidelio. Eine Grosse Oper in 2 Aufzügen. Wien. Gestochener Klavierauszug mit unterlegtem Text. Unbeschnitten. Qu.-Folio.
$ 307,300 / 280.000 € (72252/BN45718)

First printing of the first edition of Beethoven's only opera; of the utmost rarity. Inscribed on the title page, in Beethoven's own hand, to his benefactor Pasqualati (1777-1830), in whose house the composer then lodged: "Seinem werthen Freunde Baron von Pasqualati vom Verfasser" ("To his dear friend Baron Pasqualati, from the author"). No more than three copies of this first edition bearing Beethoven's autograph inscription are known; the present one is described by Kinsky/Halm as follows: "This copy from the collection of the Society of Friends of the Music in Vienna (cf.

no. 893 in the guide-book to the Centenary Exhibition, Vienna 1927) was presented to the conductor Arturo Toscanini by the Austrian Government on 1 November 1934 on the occasion of a performance of Verdi's 'Requiem', directed by him, as a gift of honour (cf. 'Philobiblon' VIII, 6)." - Professionally cleaned with repairs to gutter. Collection stamp of the Society of Friends of the Music in Vienna on title page and verso of final leaf. Beethoven's autograph inscription pencilled across the blank margin of the title page. - The present dedication copy was not publicly shown since the great 1927 exhibition in honour of the centennial of Beethoven's death; it was latterly considered lost (as are the other two dedication copies of "Fidelio" described in the catalogue of Beethoven's works). We acquired it directly from Toscanini's estate in spring 2016..

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Beethoven, Ludwig van

Komponist (1770-1827). Letter (fragment) signed ("Ludwig van Beethoven"). Wien. 1 S. Qu.-schmal-8vo (80:192 mm). Unter Glas gerahmt.
$ 49,388 / 45.000 € (72691/BN46629)

Final part of a communication in a secretarial hand, and signed by Beethoven in full, written to King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony: "..., then the same would be able to predict the best of success for his fame as well as for his benefit." As may be inferred from the date, this must be the invitation to the King of Saxony for subscription of the "Missa solemnis", which was sent to Hans Heinrich Count Könneritz in Dresden on 25 July 1823. - Provenance: last recorded in the trade in 1979 (Stargardt 618, 711).

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Beethoven, Ludwig van

Komponist (1770-1827). Autograph document. [Vienna. 1 S. (9 Zeilen). Tinte auf Papier. Qu.-4to (248 x 230 mm, Wasserzeichen: "Iglau Alten Berg").
$ 104,263 / 95.000 € (79712/BN51798)

A shopping list, written for a servant, comprising six items to be obtained in Vienna: "Beym Met Uhrmacher den Metronomm. / MäuseFall / ZündMaschine / BalbierMeßer 3 / WaschSeife an der Bognergaße / Bücher Maschin in der Wohn[un]g des Hr. Bruders" ("Metronome at the watchmaker's; mousetrap; lighter; 3 razors; washing soap from Bognergasse; book machine in my brother's flat"). Below are some pen tests in another hand. - The "metronome watchmaker" must be the mechanic Johann Nepomuk Mälzl, the inventor of this device, who also had long built ear trumpets for the increasingly deaf composer.

The soap was very probably purchased at the well-known spice store and druggist "Zum schwarzen Kameel" in Vienna's Bognergasse (no. 340). The last item on the list gives an indication of the date of the autograph: after his brother Kaspar's death in Vienna in 1815, Beethoven took his nephew Karl, then nine years of age, under his tutelage. In 1816 he entrusted Karl to the private school of Cajetan Giannattasio del Rio in Vienna. The item referred to as the "book machine in my brother's flat" could be a so-called reading machine - a wooden letter case with letter boards and a reading board, used for reading instruction. This would be consistent with Beethoven's efforts to educate his young nephew, around the year 1817. The commissioning of a metronome would correspond well to this dating: Beethoven closely followed Mälzel's work on his metronome project, which then had just been completed, and he was the first composer to publish a work with metronomic times. - Traces of old folds; somewhat irregularly torn along the edges. Provenance: auctioned in Cologne in 2011 as "the world's most expensive shopping list"; since kept in a private French collection, from which it was acquired..

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Beethoven, Ludwig van

Autograph sketchleaf for the Missa Solemnis containing drafts for the Sanctus and Benedictus and material for the Gloria.
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

The recto of the leaf contains a passage in piano score of modulatory material in D major, followed by a long imitative passage in D and a setting of the words, "Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus, Dominus Deus Sabaoth;" additional material may relate to a setting of "Pleni sunt coeli". The verso of the leaf continues with triple time material without text; the second half of the page is marked by Beethoven in pencil "2te Theil Benedict[us]" followed by an additional four bars or more in 12/8 time. – Provenance: The present leaf was formerly in the possession of Anton Schindler (1795-1864), noted conductor, private secretary to Beethoven and author of the earliest biography of the composer. Schindler has annotated one side of the leaf with his identification: "Skizze zum Sanctus der 2ten Messe im 3/4 Takte" (Sketch for the Sanctus of the Second Mass in 3/4 meter) and, on the other side, written "Idee zum Benedictus 2ten Messe" (Idea for the Benedictus of the Second Mass). - A few minor tears to margins. In very good condition overall. - A highly important source, unknown until recently. Not in Douglas Johnson, Alan Tyson and Robert Winter: The Beethoven Sketchbooks, Oxford, 1985 or in Kinsky-Halm. Similar in proportion to Beethoven's large desk sketchbooks (rather than his smaller pocket-books), and in particular to the sketchbook known as "Artaria 195". – According Dr. William Kindermann, one of the most highly regarded authorities on Beethoven: "This is a noteworthy source that documents the genesis of the Sanctus as well as aspects of the genesis of the Benedictus and the Gloria. This sketchleaf was used repeatedly by Beethoven, and although it contains stab holes it is also folded down the middle, indicating that the composer at one point carried it about." Kindermann: Artaria 195 Beethoven's Sketchbook for the Missa Solemnis, pp. 43-46. – "The Missa Solemnis is a monumental work in every sense, and stands beside Bach's B minor Mass as one of the two towering pinnacles in the whole history of the genre. It cost Beethoven more time and energy than any other work, with the possible exception of Fidelio, and took nearly four years from conception to completion [1819-1823]." Cooper: The Beethoven Companion, p. 255.


Beethoven, Ludwig van

Eigenh. Brief mit U. ("Beethoven").
Autograph ist nicht mehr verfügbar

Probably to Ferdinand Ries, requesting him to proof-read a piano concerto published at the Kunst- und Industrie-Comptoir - very likely op. 37, the Piano Concerto No. 3 in C minor: "Would you have the kindness to look at the parts for me, as far as I see not all parts have been engraved entirely, you will have to see Sonnleitner about that; - but make haste now - I will once more examine the piano part myself [...]." - Joseph Sonnleithner (1766-1835) was a partner in the Vienna "Kunst- und Industriecomptoir", publisher of op. 37. The composer and pianist Ries (1784-1838), student, secretary, and friend of Beethoven's, frequently assisted his teacher with such proofreading tasks during his first stay at Vienna during the years 1801-05. "If Ries is indeed the addressee, then this letter must refer to the first proofreading of the original edition of op. 37 [...] The engraving of this original edition of op. 37 was probably not begun until after the performance by Ries, on July 19 or 26, 1804, after the definitive text of the concerto and, in particular, the solo voice had been prepared [...] It could not have appeared before the second half of September 1804" (cf. Beethoven, Briefwechsel GA). On July 19 or 26 Ried made his piano début in the Vienna Augarten, performing the Piano Concerto op. 37, Beethoven's only piano concerto in a minor key. - Slight edge defects, some brownstaining; torn off closely on the left edge (barely touching the writing). Includes old collection folder and an old typed transcription (carbon copy). Provenance: in the collection of Miss Emilie Schaup (d. 1942) in 1927.